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Water is the most abundant liquid on the planet, covering approximately 70% of the earth's surface. Coincidentally or not, we are mostly water - human bodies are 50 to 75% water. Pure water is tasteless, odorless and colorless, although it does have a blue tinge in large volumes. The familiar chemical symbol H2O means that water molecules are composed of 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom.

Earth Water is used literally and symbolically throughout all of The Bible, in Bible History and Prophecy.

"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the Spirit of God was moving over the face of the waters...And God said, "Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear." And it was so. God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. And God saw that it was good." (Genesis 1:1-2,9-10 RSV) (see The Logos and The Seven Days Of Creation)

"The Flood continued forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bore up the ark, and it rose high above the earth. The waters prevailed and increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark floated on the face of the waters. And the waters prevailed so mightily upon the earth that all the high mountains under the whole heaven were covered." (Genesis 7:17-19 RSV) (see also How Big Was Noah's Ark?)

"Now the daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the river, and her maidens walked beside the river; she saw the basket among the reeds and sent her maid to fetch it. When she opened it she saw the child; and lo, the babe was crying. She took pity on him and said, "This is one of the Hebrews' children...And the child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son; and she named him Moses, for she said, "Because I drew him out of the water." (Exodus 2:5-6,10 RSV)

"Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and The Lord [see Rock Of Ages] drove the sea back by a strong east wind all night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. And the people of Israel went into the midst of the sea on dry ground, the waters being a wall to them on their right hand and on their left." (Exodus 14:21-22 RSV) (see also Is This How The Red Sea Parted? and Where Did They Cross The Sea?)

"But thus shall Aaron come into the holy place: with a young bull for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. He shall put on the holy linen coat, and shall have the linen breeches on his body, be girded with the linen girdle, and wear the linen turban; these are the holy garments. He shall bathe his body in water, and then put them on." (Leviticus 16:3-4 RSV) (see The Tabernacle In The Wilderness)

"So, when the people set out from their tents, to pass over the Jordan with the priests [see Levites] bearing The Ark Of The Covenant before the people, and when those who bore the ark had come to the Jordan, and the feet of the priests bearing the ark were dipped in the brink of the water (the Jordan overflows all its banks throughout the time of harvest), the waters coming down from above stood and rose up in a heap...And while all Israel were passing over on dry ground, the priests who bore the ark of the covenant of The Lord stood on dry ground in the midst of the Jordan, until all the nation finished passing over the Jordan." (Joshua 3:14-17 RSV) (see also Joshua)

A Symbol Of Purification

"And when Jesus was baptized, He went up immediately from the water." (Matthew 3:16 RSV) (see Baptism and John The Baptist)

"Jesus answered, "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter The Kingdom of God." (John 3:5 RSV)

"but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never thirst; the water that I shall give him will become in him a spring of water welling up to Eternal Life." (John 4:14 RSV)

"Therefore, brethren, since we have confidence to enter the sanctuary by the blood of Jesus, by the new and living way which He opened for us through the curtain, that is, through His flesh, and since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water." (Hebrews 10:19-22 RSV) (see The Day Of Atonement)

"Who is it that overcomes the world but he who believes that Jesus is the Son of God? This is He who came by water and blood, Jesus Christ, not with the water only but with the water and the blood. And the Spirit is the witness, because the Spirit is the truth. There are three witnesses, the Spirit, the water, and the blood; and these three agree." (1 John 5:5-8 RSV)

"And He said to me, "It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. To the thirsty I will give from the fountain of the water of life without payment." (Revelation 21:6 RSV) (see The Way)

"Then he showed me the river of the water of life, bright as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb through the middle of the street of the city; also, on either side of the river, the tree of life with its twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit each month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations." (Revelation 22:1-2 RSV) (see The New Jerusalem)

Fact Finder: How was water involved in the first public miracle of Jesus Christ?
John 2:6-9
See also Miracles Of Jesus Christ

This Week's Bible Quiz

1. What is the name of the city where people were first called "Christians"?

2. Was Deborah a judge of Israel?

3. Did Jesus Christ have biological brothers and sisters?

4. Was Peter married?

5. Who ordered the slaughter of young boys around Bethlehem after Christ was born? Caesar Augustus, Herod The Great, or Pontius Pilate?

6. What was the name of the father of John The Baptist?

7. How many days did the Temptation of Christ by Satan go on?

8. Did Jesus describe the way to eternal life as a wide, or narrow, road?

9. Which of the apostles was a tax collector before he was called?

10. What sort of animal did Jesus ride into Jerusalem on His triumphal entry?

For the answers to this April 25 2000 quiz, see the Bible Quiz Answers Page

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