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by Wayne Blank
Also known as Grecian Juniper, it grows to over 60 feet / 18 meters with a pyramid shape. Prevalent in Lebanon and Gilead, it was used in the Temple built by Solomon (2 Chronicles 2:8)
A member of the peach family that blooms very early. Almond blossoms were carved in the lampstand in The Tabernacle In The Wilderness (Exodus 25:33-36). Aaron's rod was made to miraculously sprout almonds as a sign of his God-given authority (Numbers 17:1-10) (see Aaron and Levites).
Almug, or red sandalwood, is a beautiful pleasant-smelling wood that Solomon imported for the pillars of the Temple (1 Kings 10:11-12) (see Layout Of Solomon's Temple)
The box tree is a hardy evergreen of Lebanon and northern Israel that was used for ornamental work (Isaiah 60:13)
Cedar was a fragrant evergreen that was often used for building. It was also used in sacrificial fires (Numbers 19:6). Cedar Of Lebanon (seen in the illustration above) was a large magnificent evergreen that is quite rare today.
Ebony is a strong black wood that takes a fine polish. It is native to India and Sri Lanka (Ezekiel 27:15)
The Fig Tree is referred to widely though the Old Testament and New Testament. Jesus Christ made a number of references to fig trees (Matthew 7:16, Luke 21:29-31). The Sycamore was another type of fig tree (Luke 19:4).
The fir, also translated as pine, was a symbol of nobility (Isaiah 60:13). In later times, during The Crusades, they were still growing densely from Jerusalem to Bethlehem (see also Bethlehem Fact File).
The green bay was a symbol of both wealth and evil (Psalm 37:35). It was small with shoots sprouting up from the ground, and a perfumed oil was obtained from the leaves.
The oak was a strong, magnificent tree that usually grew alone on high ground. It was sometimes used as a symbol of strength and long life.
Also called the Jerusalem Willow, or Oleaster, it produces a small bitter olive that was used for oil. (Isaiah 41:19)
The Olive Tree was an important source of food and oil. Fine olive oil was used in the lamp inside the Tabernacle (Exodus 27:20)
The date palm could sometimes reach 100 feet / 30 meters, and produced a great quantity of fruit on a single tree. The fibrous leaves were also used to weave mats. They favored the hot area of the The Dead Sea. Jericho (see The Fall Of Jericho and Joshua) was also known as the City of Palms (Judges 1:16). During their Wilderness Journey, the Israelites under Moses camped near the springs at Elim where there were seventy palm trees (Exodus 15:27).
The pine is a tall coniferous tree with long needles and seed-bearing "pine cones." It was often used for building (Isaiah 44:14).
Wood of the shittah, or acacia tree, is mentioned numerous times in the Bible. The Ark Of The Covenant, which contained The Ten Commandments was made of acacia wood (Exodus 25:10) (see Temple Mount Treasures)
Thyine wood, translated as citron in some versions, was a small, slow-growing evergreen, related to the arbor-vitae. It produces sandarac, a resin used for making varnish and incense (Revelation 18:12).
Found in hot, dry places and translated under various names, the turpentine tree produces an oil resin with commercial value (Isaiah 6:13).
Like poplars, willows favored wet areas along rivers and streams, from Israel to Syria (Ezekiel 17:5).
Wormwood is related to the western sagebrush. The oil from the plant is used to flavor Absinthe, a liqueur. The plant was used to symbolize bitterness (Revelation 8:11)
Fact Finder: Which of the two special trees that God planted in the middle of the Garden of Eden were Adam and Eve forbidden to eat from?