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From the perspective of Bible History, a conduit was a channel, or aquaduct, cut through natural rock or made of masonry, that was used to direct water from its source to the place where it was needed. Conduits were used both to provide water to towns and for irrigation of crops. One of the oldest conduits in ancient Israel ran from the "Pools of Solomon" near Bethlehem to Jerusalem, a distance of nearly 14 miles / 22 kilometers. One of the most famous conduits was that built by King Hezekiah (see Kings of Israel and Judah) when Jerusalem was facing a siege by the Assyrians - a section of it is shown in the photograph.

Hezekiah's Tunnel Conduits In Bible History

King David captures Zion from the Jebusites:

"David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. At Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months; and at Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years."

"And the king and his men went to Jerusalem against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, who said to David, "You will not come in here, but the blind and the lame will ward you off" - thinking, "David cannot come in here." Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Zion, that is, the city of David."

"And David said on that day, "Whoever would smite the Jebusites, let him get up the water shaft to attack the lame and the blind, who are hated by David's soul." Therefore it is said, "The blind and the lame shall not come into the house."

"And David dwelt in the stronghold, and called it the city of David. And David built the city round about from the Millo inward. And David became greater and greater, for The Lord, the God of hosts, was with him." (2 Samuel 5:4-10 RSV)

Hezekiah's Tunnel:

"And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come and intended to fight against Jerusalem, he planned with his officers and his mighty men to stop the water of the springs that were outside the city; and they helped him. A great many people were gathered, and they stopped all the springs and the brook that flowed through the land ... This same Hezekiah closed the upper outlet of the waters of Gihon and directed them down to the west side of the city of David." (2 Chronicles 32:2-4,30 RSV) (see Hezekiah's Tunnel)

Fact Finder: What happened to Sennacherib's army that besieged Jerusalem in the time of King Hezekiah?
See Sennacherib

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