Ornan The Jebusite
The Jebusites were the inhabitants of Jebus, known today as Jerusalem. The Israelites encountered the Jebusites when they crossed the The Jordan River into the Promised Land under Joshua, however Jerusalem remained under Jebusite control for many years until it was decisively captured by King David. Although the Jebusites lost the city in battle, David respected their property rights - he legally purchased the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite (also known as Araunauh i.e. 2 Samuel 24:16) which became one of the most famous places in the world, Mount Moriah, the site where Solomon built the first Temple of God (see Temples and Layout Of Solomon's Temple), and on which today stands the Muslim Dome of the Rock.
The Jebusites were Canaanites, descended from Ham (see Sons Of Noah) through Canaan. They are mentioned only in the Old Testament era of Bible History:
"Canaan became the father of Sidon his first-born, and Heth, and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Afterward the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. And the territory of the Canaanites extended from Sidon, in the direction of Gerar, as far as Gaza, and in the direction of Sodom [see The Destruction Of Sodom], Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha." (Genesis 10:15-19 RSV)
"I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God. Then The Lord [see "The God Of The Old Testament"] said, "I have seen the affliction of My people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters; I know their sufferings, and I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land to a good and broad land, a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites." (Exodus 3:6-8 RSV)
"David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. At Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months; and at Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years. And the king and his men went to Jerusalem against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, who said to David, "You will not come in here, but the blind and the lame will ward you off" - thinking, "David cannot come in here." Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Zion, that is, the city of David." (2 Samuel 5:4-7 RSV) (see Fortress of Zion)
"And David said to Ornan, "Give me the site of the threshing floor that I may build on it an altar to The Lord - give it to me at its full price - that the plague may be averted from the people." Then Ornan said to David, "Take it; and let my lord the king do what seems good to him; see, I give the oxen for burnt offerings, and the threshing sledges for the wood, and the wheat for a cereal offering. I give it all." But King David said to Ornan, "No, but I will buy it for the full price; I will not take for The Lord what is yours, nor offer burnt offerings which cost me nothing." So David paid Ornan six hundred shekels of gold by weight for the site." (1 Chronicles 21:22-25 RSV)
Fact Finder: Which 2 Israelite tribes were allotted the lands surrounding Jerusalem?
Joshua 15:1,8 and 18:21,28
See also Tribal Lands