Nephilim, Rephaim, Anakim, Emim
by Wayne Blank
Although their origin has been interpreted various ways, the Nephilim existed very early in human history. Independent Egyptian records of about 2000 BC also record their existence.
"The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men that were of old, the men of renown." (Genesis 6:4 RSV)
The Rephaim occupied the land prior to the Canaanites, but were eventually defeated. The Anakim, Zuzim, and Emim people were related.
"In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and subdued the Rephaim" (Genesis 14:5 RSV)
The Anakim lived in the south, near Hebron. They were defeated by the Israelites under Joshua.
"tall as the Anakim" (Deuteronomy 2:21 RSV)
The Emim were a warrior tribe of giants who were defeated by Chedorlaomer and his allies. Around the time of Abraham, they lived east of the Jordan.
"In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and subdued the Rephaim in Ashterothkarnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, the Emim in Shavehkiriathaim" (Genesis 14:5 RSV)
Fact Finder: (a) Was Israel's first human king, Saul, an exceptionally tall man? (b) Was Saul's successor, David, through whom Jesus Christ is descended, of average height? What matters to God - the height, or the "heart"?