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Victory of Devorah

Devorah, known in most English-language Bibles as Deborah, was unique among the women, and men, of Bible History in that she was prophetess, a judge and a military leader all in one - a powerful triple combination of authority and responsibility held by only two other recorded Israelites, Moses and Samuel.

Deborah Dated at approximately 1200 B.C., Deborah served as a judge at "the palm tree of Deborah" in southern Ephraim between Ramah and Bethel (see Bible Places), thereby possibly making her of the tribe of Ephraim, as was Joshua earlier. She was referred to as the "mother of Israel" because of her leadership in the battle against the Canaanites who were oppressing the Israelites after their entry into the Promised Land.

Deborah's Victory Over Sisera and His Canaanite Chariots

"Then the people of Israel cried to The Lord for help; for he had nine hundred chariots of iron, and oppressed the people of Israel cruelly for twenty years."

"Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. She used to sit under the palm of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim; and the people of Israel came up to her for judgment. She sent and summoned Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali, and said to him, "The Lord, the God of Israel, commands you, 'Go, gather your men at Mount Tabor, taking ten thousand from the tribe of Naphtali and the tribe of Zebulun. And I will draw out Sisera, the general of Jabin's army, to meet you by the river Kishon with his chariots and his troops; and I will give him into your hand.'"

"Barak said to her, "If you will go with me, I will go; but if you will not go with me, I will not go."

"And she said, "I will surely go with you; nevertheless, the road on which you are going will not lead to your glory, for The Lord will sell Sisera into the hand of a woman." Then Deborah arose, and went with Barak to Kedesh. And Barak summoned Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; and ten thousand men went up at his heels; and Deborah went up with him."

"Now Heber the Kenite had separated from the Kenites, the descendants of Hobab the father-in-law of Moses, and had pitched his tent as far away as the oak in Zaanannim, which is near Kedesh."

"When Sisera was told that Barak the son of Abinoam had gone up to Mount Tabor, Sisera called out all his chariots, nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the men who were with him, from Harosheth-hagoiim to the river Kishon."

"And Deborah said to Barak, "Up! For this is the day in which The Lord has given Sisera into your hand. Does not The Lord go out before you?" So Barak went down from Mount Tabor with ten thousand men following him. And The Lord routed Sisera and all his chariots and all his army before Barak at the edge of the sword; and Sisera alighted from his chariot and fled away on foot. And Barak pursued the chariots and the army to Harosheth-hagoiim, and all the army of Sisera fell by the edge of the sword; not a man was left." (Judges 4:1-16 RSV)

Fact Finder: Who were the Judges during Bible history?
See The Judges


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