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by Wayne Blank
The Nile is the world's longest river. It begins south of the equator in the north-central section of the African continent where its principal flow is known as the White Nile. It then travels an incredible 4,130 miles (6,645 kilometers) before arriving at its terminus in the vast triangle-shaped Nile Delta in northern Egypt. The delta region, north of Cairo, then drains into The Mediterranean Sea.
In ancient times the Nile Delta was recorded as having seven tributaries, however the flow has been controlled so that now there are only two main branches, the Damietta and Rosetta (where the Rosetta Stone was found).
The Nile Delta measures approximately 100 miles / 160 kilometers north to south, and 150 miles / 240 kilometers east to west at its widest in the north. The rich silt soil of the Nile delta is the most fertile in all Africa. Whereas in many places in the world the topsoil is measured in mere inches, in the Nile Delta is varies from 50 to 75 feet in depth.
It was in the delta region that the Israelites (see Children of Jacob) settled when they first entered Egypt (Genesis 46:28-34), and it was from that area that the Exodus was conducted (Exodus 12:31-42). The delta area would have provided plenty of water and rich soils for the crops needed to produce sufficient food reserves to overcome the 7-year famine that occurred at the time of Jacob's entry into Egypt (Genesis 41:28-32, 42:1).
Fact Finder: What was the name given to the area in the Nile Delta where the Israelites lived during their time in Egypt?
This Week's Bible Quiz
What's the missing word from these Biblical Holy Days?
1. "In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening, is The Lord's _______." (Leviticus 23:5 RSV)
2. "And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened _______ to The Lord" (Leviticus 23:6 RSV)
3. "And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the first _______ as a wave offering before The Lord" (Leviticus 23:30 RSV)
4. "And The Lord said to Moses, "Say to the people of Israel, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a day of solemn rest, a memorial proclaimed with blast of _______, a holy convocation." (Leviticus 23:23-24 RSV)
5. "On the tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of _______; it shall be for you a time of holy convocation, and you shall afflict yourselves and present an offering by fire to The Lord" (Leviticus 23:27 RSV)
6. "And The Lord said to Moses, "Say to the people of Israel, On the fifteenth day of this seventh month and for seven days is the Feast of _______ to The Lord." (Leviticus 23:33-34 RSV)
7. "On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the produce of the land, you shall keep the Feast of The Lord seven days; on the first day shall be a solemn rest, and on the _______ day shall be a solemn rest." (Leviticus 23:39 RSV)
8. "Now on the first day of _______ Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, "Where will You have us prepare for You to eat the Passover?" (Matthew 26:17 RSV)
9. "When the day of _______ had come, they were all together in one place. And suddenly a sound came from heaven like the rush of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared to them tongues as of fire, distributed and resting on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance" (Acts 2:1-14 RSV)
10. "On that day [see The Return Of Jesus Christ] His feet shall stand on The Mount Of Olives which lies before Jerusalem on the east; and the Mount of Olives shall be split in two from east to west by a very wide valley [see Earthquake!]; so that one half of the Mount shall withdraw northward, and the other half southward ... Then every one that survives of all the nations that have come against Jerusalem shall go up year after year to worship the King, The Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of _______." (Zechariah 14:4,16 RSV)
For the answers to this September 17 2002 quiz, see the Bible Quiz Answers Page
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