The term Caesar originated with the family of Gaius Julius, better known to history as Julius Caesar (102-44 B.C.). After his assassination on the Ides of March, the imperial title of Caesar was assumed by the Roman emperors who succeeded him. It was also adopted by later rulers of other nations, particularly the German Kaiser (pronounced kye-zer).
Since the Roman empire (see Ancient Empires - Rome and Daniel's Statue) rose to greatness after the Old Testament (see Old Testament Fact File) section of Bible History had been completed, references to Caesar are found only in the New Testament (see New Testament Fact File):
As A General Title
"And Jesus said to them, "Whose likeness and inscription is this?" They said, "Caesar's." Then He said to them, "Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's [see Custom and Tribute], and to God the things that are God's." (Matthew 22:20-21 RSV)
"They cried out, "Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!" [see How Did Jesus Christ Die?] Pilate said to them, "Shall I crucify your King?" The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar." (John 19:15 RSV)
"And when they could not find them, they dragged Jason and some of the brethren before the city authorities, crying, "These men who have turned the world upside down have come here also, and Jason has received them; and they are all acting against the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, Jesus." (Acts 17:6-7 RSV) (see Jesus Christ)
"But Paul said, "I am standing before Caesar's tribunal, where I ought to be tried; to the Jews I have done no wrong, as you know very well. If then I am a wrongdoer, and have committed anything for which I deserve to die, I do not seek to escape death; but if there is nothing in their charges against me, no one can give me up to them. I appeal to Caesar." Then Festus, when he had conferred with his council, answered, "You have appealed to Caesar; to Caesar you shall go." (Acts 25:10-12 RSV) (see Paul's Journey To Rome)
"In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be enrolled. This was the first enrollment, when Quirinius was governor of Syria. And all went to be enrolled, each to his own city. And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David [see King David], which is called Bethlehem [see also Bethlehem Fact File], because he was of the house and lineage of David [see The Chosen People], to be enrolled with Mary, his betrothed, who was with child. And while they were there, the time came for her to be delivered. And she gave birth to her first-born son and wrapped Him in swaddling cloths, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn." (Luke 2:1-7 RSV)
"In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod [see The Herods] being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, in the high-priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John [see John The Baptist] the son of Zechariah in the wilderness; and he went into all the region about the Jordan [see The Jordan River], preaching a Baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins." (Luke 3:1-3 RSV)
"Now in these days Prophets came down from Jerusalem to Antioch. And one of them named Agabus stood up and foretold by the Spirit that there would be a great famine over all the world; and this took place in the days of Claudius." (Acts 11:27-28 RSV)
Fact Finder: Is there going to be a great end-time Kaiser in Europe?
See Emperor and Ein Volk! Ein Reich! Ein Euro!