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Phrygia, meaning parched, was an ancient region in central Asia Minor (i.e. in what is today Turkey). Composed of Greater Phrygia in the south and Lesser Phrygia in the west, Phrygia is mentioned in the New Testament primarily from the travels of the apostle Paul. The towns Colosse, Hierapolis, Iconium, and Laodicea (one of The Seven Churches of Revelation) were located in Phrygia.

Seven 7 Churches of Asia Revelation Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, Laodicea

People from Phrygia were among those who on the "birthday of the church" Pentecost heard the Gospel message miraculously proclaimed in their own languages (see Speaking In Tongues)

"And at this sound the multitude came together, and they were bewildered, because each one heard them speaking in his own language. And they were amazed and wondered, saying, "Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? And how is it that we hear, each of us in his own native language? Parthians and Medes and Elamites and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabians, we hear them telling in our own tongues the mighty works of God." (Acts 2:6-11 RSV)

After proclaiming the Gospel throughout the region of Asia Minor, including Phrygia, for some time, Jesus Christ decided that it was time for Paul, during Paul's Second Missionary Journey to take the message to Europe (i.e. Asia Minor is, obviously, in Asia, while Macedonia, is in Europe):

"So the churches were strengthened in the faith, and they increased in numbers daily. And they went through the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia [i.e. to remain in Asia indefinitely]. And when they had come opposite Mysia, they attempted to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus did not allow them; so, passing by Mysia, they went down to Troas. And a vision appeared to Paul in the night: a man of Macedonia was standing beseeching him and saying, "Come over to Macedonia and help us." (Acts 16:5-9 RSV)

Paul later returned through the region on Paul's Third Missionary Journey:

"When he had landed at Caesarea, he went up and greeted the church, and then went down to Antioch. After spending some time there he departed and went from place to place through the region of Galatia and Phrygia, strengthening all the disciples [see Disciples and Apostles]." (Acts 18:22-23 RSV)

Fact Finder: Paul's 3 missionary journeys were a very important part of Bible History (see also Bible Places). The account of the 3 missionary journeys, and his later being taken to Rome as a prisoner (and suffering his famous shipwreck along the way) are highly recommended reading.
The first journey: Acts 13:1 to 15:35
The second journey: Acts 15:36 to 18:22
The third journey: Acts 18:23 to 21:17
The voyage to Rome: Acts chapters 27 and 28

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