King Hiram Of Tyre
Known also as "Huram" and "Horam," Hiram was the king of Tyre in the time of King David and King Solomon. While he was politically allied with David, Hiram's workmen helped David's people to build David's palace in Jerusalem, and then after Solomon succeeded his father David as King of Israel, Hiram's workers also participated in the building of the first Temple (see Temples). Much of the fine cedar for both the palace and Temple came from Tyre.
Hiram In Bible History
Hiram was politically expedient; when he saw David's God-given power, for his own survival Hiram knew it best to make himself an ally of David rather than an enemy, although it seems that their personal friendship was genuine:
"And David became greater and greater, for The Lord, the God of hosts, was with him. And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, also carpenters and masons who built David a house." (2 Samuel 5:10-11 RSV)
After David died, Hiram continued the friendship with Solomon, providing materials and skilled workmen for the building of the Temple:
"Now Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon, when he heard that they had anointed him king in place of his father; for Hiram always loved David."
"And Solomon sent word to Hiram, "You know that David my father could not build a house for The Name of The Lord his God because of the warfare with which his enemies surrounded him, until The Lord put them under the soles of his feet. But now The Lord my God has given me rest on every side; there is neither adversary nor misfortune. And so I purpose to build a house for The Name of The Lord my God, as The Lord said to David my father, 'Your son, whom I will set upon your throne in your place, shall build the house for My Name.' [see also "My Father's House"] Now therefore command that cedars of Lebanon be cut for me; and my servants will join your servants, and I will pay you for your servants such wages as you set; for you know that there is no one among us who knows how to cut timber like the Sidonians."
"When Hiram heard the words of Solomon, he rejoiced greatly, and said, "Blessed be The Lord this day, who has given to David a wise son to be over this great people."
"And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, "I have heard the message which you have sent to me; I am ready to do all you desire in the matter of cedar and cypress timber. My servants shall bring it down to the sea from Lebanon; and I will make it into rafts to go by sea to the place you direct, and I will have them broken up there, and you shall receive it; and you shall meet my wishes by providing food for my household."
"So Hiram supplied Solomon with all the timber of cedar and cypress that he desired, while Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand cors of wheat as food for his household, and twenty thousand cors of beaten oil. Solomon gave this to Hiram year by year. And The Lord gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him; and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and the two of them made a treaty." (1 Kings 5:1-12 RSV)
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See King Of Tyre