Where Was Uz?
"There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was blameless and upright, one who feared God, and turned away from evil. There were born to him seven sons and three daughters. He had seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she-asses, and very many servants; so that this man was the greatest of all the people of the east. His sons used to go and hold a feast in the house of each on his day; and they would send and invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them. And when the days of the feast had run their course, Job would send and sanctify them, and he would rise early in the morning and offer burnt offerings according to the number of them all; for Job said, "It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts." Thus Job did continually." (Job 1:1-5 RSV)
The land of Uz was perhaps made most famous by Job, a very righteous man, as described by God Himself (Job 1:8), who lost everything - his family, his health and his great wealth - in a severe test that God allowed Satan to inflict upon him. After it was over, God restored it all, and much more, back to him.
The precise location of the land of Uz is uncertain, although The Bible record does provide some clues:
- The land may have originally been named after Uz, who was the son of Aram, and grandson of Shem (Genesis 10:23, 1 Chronicles 1:17).
- One of Job's friends, Eliphaz, came from Teman (Job 4:1), which is in Idumea.
- Uz was subject to attacks from Sabeans and Chaldeans (Job 1:15,17).
- It had to have fertile pastures, since Job had many thousands of animals.
- It had at least one major city, since Job sat at the city gate.
The two most likely locations for the land of Uz is in Arabia, east of Petra (today, northwestern Saudi Arabia), or more likely, in Bashan, east of The Sea Of Galilee and south of Damascus (today, western Jordan or southern Syria).
Fact Finder: Was Job aware of the future resurrection of the dead?
See also Resurrections