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Days, Months and Years

"And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years, and let them be lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth." And it was so. God made two great lights - the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars. God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth, to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening, and there was morning, the fourth day." (Genesis 1:14-19) (see The Seven Days Of Creation)

moon - - - moon - - - moon - - - moon - - - moon

The Biblical calendar, later known as the "Hebrew" or "Jewish" calendar is based upon the natural astronomical movements of the sun, moon and stars - the clockwork of the heavens.

The Day

Biblical days were reckoned from sunset to sunset - each day began at sunset, and ended at the next sunset. The "night first" counting method was instituted by God Himself at the very beginning - "And there was evening, and there was morning, the first day." (Genesis 1:5)

The Month

Biblical months were exactly one lunar month long - each month began and ended at the astronomical new moon, when the moon was directly between the earth and the sun. See Bible Months

The Year

Biblical years began in the spring (in the northern hemisphere), in the month when the Passover was observed. Even the Romans used a version of a "spring beginning" calendar for a long time before changing it to a January 1 "new year."

The Week - Another Proof Of God's Existence

God created the week of seven days at the time of creation, and decreed the seventh day of the week holy (Genesis 2:2-3). As such, The Fourth Commandment identifies The Lord as The God of Creation. No other day, and no other "god," can rightfully make that claim.

The seven-day week is the only common time-measurement that cannot be detected by natural means. The length of a day is obvious from sunset to sunset, a month from new moon to new moon, a year from spring to spring, but the seven-day week exists only because it was revealed by God to humanity, according to His Will. If there were no God, there would be no week.

Fact Finder: How do we know that God set the beginning of the Biblical new year in the spring?
Exodus 12:1-2


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