The First Cause
Cause means "something that brings about a change or effect." Some atheists use the term the "first cause" for God; it's their self-contradictory game of admitting that there was a creation while obstinately denying that there is a Creator - a very serious reality problem that The Holy Bible doesn't have: "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth" (Genesis 1:1 RSV). This single verse describes the actual "first cause" that transformed some of God's pure spiritual energy into all of the fundamental physical matter (Albert Einstein's famous E=mc2 equation describes that direct relationship between energy and matter) that would be formed into stars, planets and everything else e.g. the chair that you're sitting on right now is made from what was once actual energy of God. God has power over all things because everything that exists was literally created from a living part of Him i.e. "For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things" (Romans 11:36 RSV - see also The Logos)
The Great Needless Divide
There has been a tremendous amount of needless disagreement between science and religion, with each side armed with its own "facts" to refute the other. Conflicting people of science and religion need not disagree so often if they would realize that most of their differences are the result of extremism and exclusiveness; barricading themselves into self-declared opposing sides of the same reality. God was God, but He was also a chemist, a physicist, an astronomer, a biologist (see the Fact Finder question below). He was the Lawmaker of all of the unseen forces that make "nature" orderly and predictable - the laws that scientists base their sciences upon.
The universe as it exists was not produced by some cosmic accident or unexplainable "first cause." The conditions of creation were intricately planned and considered. As any terrorist knows, a mindless uncontrolled "big bang" would result in destruction and chaos, not the life and order we now see. On the other hand, a great designed and controlled initial expansion (explosion, or "big bang" as some cosmologists have termed it) of physical matter that had just been transformed (created) from pure energy (from a physical point of view, literally nothing), followed by orderly development (from natural laws put into force beforehand by a Creator) of stars, galaxies and everything else, is reasonable and logical (logic and Logos are derived from the same word - and Word). It satisfies both religion and science.
The First Day
The first recorded Words of God that we have are "Let there be light" (Genesis 1:3 RSV). The sun was already shining brightly (planets form after, and around, stars - the photograph shows the actual Pleiades star cluster which God Himself speaks of in Job 38:31: "Can you bind the beautiful Pleiades?" The glow around the stars is caused by vast amounts of space dust that is illuminated from behind by the blue stars (depending upon surface temperature, stars can be seen in a wide variety of colors - white, blue, yellow, orange, red). Gravity causes planets to form from that "dust"), but God made the earth's thick new atmosphere allow diffuse light to penetrate to the surface. And so it was that the light was made separate from darkness. The first day of earth's creation was literally the first "day" as someone on earth's surface would experience it - a period of opaque light, and a period of darkness. (Genesis 1:3-5)
The Second Day
The separation of the waters. There was yet no liquid water, no oceans. All of the water was in the form of a vapor, a worldwide super-fog, extending a number of kilometers/miles up from the very hot (above the boiling temperature of water) bare-rock earth's surface (the earth's core remains molten right to the present day). God's "hovering over the waters" in verse 2 describes His being above that gaseous-water atmosphere, not a liquid ocean. God then caused most of the water to condense onto the cooling earth which simultaneously formed a whole-planet ocean and cleared the sky. (Genesis 1:6-8)
The Third Day
The first appearance of dry ground. The further cooling of the surface set in motion a process of natural contraction, uplifting and motion of the crust (the process continues today, called "plate tectonics" - see Earthquake!). The earth changed from a smooth one-level molten "cue ball" to a planet with an irregular surface with ocean basins and continental landmasses. With dry ground available, the first plants were made to grow in great abundance. (Genesis 1:9-13)
The Fourth Day
With the sky now clear, the sun, moon and stars were dependably visible. They were to "serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years." The sun marked the day (sunset to sunset), the moon the month (new moon to new moon), and the stars the seasons (constellations are seen in particular seasons e.g.
"Orion" is visible in winter in the northern hemisphere, which is summer in the southern hemisphere - an illustration of Orion can be see at Your Very Own Time Machine). (Genesis 1:14-19)
The Fifth Day
Great numbers of birds (see Birds Of The Bible) and sea creatures. God blessed them and said, "Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth." (Genesis 1:20-23)
The Sixth Day
Vast numbers of land animals. Man. From the man, woman (humans today are just now discovering how to genetically alter fertilized embryos, and even to create one human from the tissue of another - known as "cloning"). (Genesis 1:24-31)
The Seventh Day
The Sabbath Day, the only day that identifies and is Holy to the Creator. "And on the seventh day God finished His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. So God blessed the seventh day and hallowed it, because on it God rested from all His work which He had done in creation." (Genesis 2:2-3)
Fact Finder: Who was the first scientist?
See The First Scientist