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Archaeology and The Flood
by Wayne Blank
In the 1920s, Sir Charles Woolley, a British archaeologist, while working at Tell al-Muqayyar, in the area of Ur in Mesopotamia, made a startling discovery. He had been digging vertical shafts deep into the soil in the ancient city. As expected, he found layer after layer of evidence of human life - the remnants of graves, pottery, and rubble. But suddenly, it all stopped at a layer of pure clay that was approximately 10 feet thick. Such an abrupt and deep layer of clay, far above the ancient level of the nearby Euphrates river, was very unusual. It indicated a massive flood.
Woolley's workmen kept digging through the layer of sedimentary (i.e. water borne) clay, that had no evidence of human habitation, until it ended as abruptly as it started and they again found deposits of graves, pottery, rubble - but which were nothing at all like that found above the layer of water-deposited clay. The clay layer marked the boundary between two very different worlds, two very different civilizations, that Woolley declared were the before and after worlds of the flood. Woolley's findings made headline news in Britain and the United States at the time.
The mountains of Ararat are located between the Black and Caspian Seas in southern Armenia. Although "Mount Ararat" has become popularly used for where Noah's ark came to rest, as The Bible account states, Ararat was actually a mountain range. Two peaks, about 7 miles / 11 kilometers apart, have been identified as the most likely location of the ark's resting place. The one is 14,300 feet and the other 10,300 feet above the adjacent Araxes plain. The higher of the two has a snow-covered peak year round (which would also leave any remnant of Noah's ark mostly hidden under a cover of snow and ice), and was known to the ancient Persians (who were neither Jews nor Christians) as "Noah's mountain."
There have been many fanciful and unbelievable reports (and books, and movies) of finding Noah's Ark, however some other claimed sightings are worthy at least of cautious, but serious, consideration. For example:
Fact Finder: Is there another flood coming upon the earth, not of water, but of fire?