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The Comforter and The Advocate

The original New Testament Greek word parakletos (pronounced in Greek as par-ak-lay-tos), which literally means called to one's side, was used to describe someone who pleaded another's cause, or who helped others by defending or comforting them. In English-language versions of The Bible, parakletos is usually translated as Advocate when referring to Jesus Christ, or either Counselor, Comforter or Helper when referring to the Holy Spirit.

The Holy Spirit

Dove Depending upon the translation, parakletos is translated variously as Counselor (RSV, NIV), Comforter (KJV, ASV) or Helper (NASB, NKJV) in regard to the Holy Spirit of God. When the Holy Spirit is referred to as "he" in translating from the original Greek, it's the result of the use of linguistic masculine or feminine "genders" in Greek nouns; for the Holy Spirit, the use of "it" would have, in most cases, been more accurate than "he" or "him."

"Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on Me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto My Father. And whatsoever ye shall ask in My Name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If ye shall ask any thing in My Name, I will do it. If ye love Me, keep My Commandments. And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of Truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you." (John 14:12-17 KJV)

"But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of Truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of He: And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with Me from the beginning." (John 15:26-27 KJV) "Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment" (John 16:7-8 KJV)

Jesus Christ

In reference to Jesus Christ, parakletos is most commonly translated as Advocate (RSV, KJV, ASV, NASB, NKJV) or one who speaks to (NIV).

"My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world."

"And hereby we do know that we know Him, if we keep His Commandments [see The Decalogue]. He that saith, I know Him, and keepeth not His Commandments, is a liar, and the Truth is not in him."

"But whoso keepeth His Word, in him verily is the love of God perfected: hereby know we that we are in Him. He that saith he abideth in Him ought himself also so to walk, even as He walked." (1 John 2:1-6 KJV)

Fact Finder: Is Jesus Christ our High Priest Who sat down at the right hand of God after His sacrifice as the Messiah?
Hebrews 8:1-2, 9:14-15
See also What Is Jesus Christ Doing Right Now?

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