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Zeboim

Zeboim, or Zeboiim, was one of the "cities of the plain" that The Lord incinerated along with Sodom and Gomorrah. The name in Hebrew, pronounced tseb-ee-yeem, means gazelles but was also used figuratively as meaning beautiful. If the city was itself beautiful, the wicked and perverted behavior of its people was not.

"The smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace"

Nuclear Explosion Zeboim was mentioned as one of the territorial border points of the Canaanites prior to the establishment of the land of Israel:

"And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha." (Genesis 10:19 KJV)

By the time of Abraham, the "cities of the plain" had become a political entity in which the kings of the cities were allied. Abraham's nephew Lot was by then a resident of Sodom and was taken captive when the area was overrun by another confederation of kings under Chedorlaomer, a Babylonian. Abraham rescued Lot and restored the sovereignty of the cities of the plain (see Abraham At War)

"And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations; That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar. All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea. Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled."

"And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim, And the Horites in their mount Seir, unto Elparan, which is by the wilderness. And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar."

"And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela the same is Zoar; and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim; With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five. And the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain. And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way. And they took Lot, Abram's brother's son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed." (Genesis 14:1-12 KJV)

The Lord's destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah is one of the most well-known and unheeded (see the Fact Finder question below) object lessons of Bible History:

"The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar. Then The Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from The Lord out of heaven; And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt."

"And Abraham gat up early in the morning to the place where he stood before The Lord: And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace." (Genesis 19:23-28 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) What did the apostle Peter say about the destruction of Sodom as a warning to the ungodly? (b) Did Jesus Christ ever speak of the ancient destruction of Sodom and the cities of the plain as a matter of prophecy regarding His return?
(a) 2 Peter 2:6 (b) Luke 17:28-30
See also Sodom and Egypt


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