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by Wayne Blank
Also known as Kenan, Cainan was not the son of Cain. Cainan was a grandson of Cain's surviving brother Seth, of which there were other brothers as well, besides Abel i.e. "the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters" (Genesis 5:4 KJV). Nor was Cainan the father of the Canaanite people as some have assumed. The Canaanites originated long after the time of Cainan, from Canaan, a grandson of Noah through Noah's son Ham (Genesis 10:6,15-20). Although the names Cainan and Canaan are usually pronounced the same in English, in the original Hebrew of the Holy Scriptures they were not - Cainan was pronounced as kay-nawn, while Canaan was pronounced ken-ah-an.
The Antediluvian Patriarchs
As listed in the ancient records, Cainan was the son of Enos, and the father of Mahalaleel. Although some "Biblical scholars" dispute the accuracy, or even the veracity of the Genesis' genealogical record (how "Biblical scholars" who doubt the accuracy of the Holy Bible can call themselves "Biblical scholars" is a mystery to this writer; if they do not believe in what they profess, then they are nothing more than theological quacks and charlatans), the New Testament writers had no doubt that Genesis was entirely true and accurate. They included the same information in their genealogy of Jesus Christ (Luke 3:23-38) in which Cainan, or Kenan, is included (Luke 3:37).
From Adam (i.e. "man" - see the The Creation Of Man) to Noah:
"And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters [see also Cain's Wife]: And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died."
In the Book of Chronicles, Cainan is recorded as Kenan in the more concise listing of the same antediluvian patriarchs:
"Adam, Sheth, Enosh, Kenan, Mahalaleel, Jered, Henoch, Methuselah, Lamech, Noah" (1 Chronicles 1:1-4 KJV)
Fact Finder: How or why did the antediluvian patriarchs live to such great ages?