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"I have provided Me a king among his sons"

Jesse was the son of Obed, and grandson of Boaz and Ruth (Ruth 4:13-22). Jesse had eight sons and two daughters, but he is known to Bible History primarily because of his youngest son, the one who became King David. As such, Jesse was a key ancestor of Jesus Christ:

"And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots ... And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious." (Isaiah 11:1,10 KJV)

"For I have provided Me a king among his sons"

Sheep After Saul proved himself to be an unwise and unstable king, The Lord appeared to the priest Samuel to make known that He had chosen a new king from among the sons of Jesse of Bethlehem:

"And The Lord [see YHVH, Adonai, Jehovah, LORD] said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided Me a king among his sons" (1 Samuel 16:1 KJV)

The choice of the new king was a surprise to Jesse, who very nearly overlooked his youngest son who was out tending the sheep when Samuel arrived:

"Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse, The Lord hath not chosen these. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit down till he come hither. And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And The Lord said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he. Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the spirit of The Lord came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah" (1 Samuel 16:10-13 KJV)

The transition of the monarchy from Saul to David did not occur immediately, or easily. Saul was killed in battle against the Philistines before David became king of all Israel. Before that time however, Saul became increasingly bitter against David, and frequently spoke of David in a derogatory manner simply as the "son of Jesse" (e.g. 1 Samuel 22:7). It eventually got so dangerous for all of David's family that David arranged for refuge for his parents with the king of Moab (Jesse's grandmother Ruth was from Moab i.e. Ruth 1:1-4). It was the last of Jesse's life recorded in the Bible:

"David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men. And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, and be with you, till I know what God will do for me. And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold." (1 Samuel 22:1-4 KJV)

Fact Finder: Jesus Christ was not a physical descendant of Joseph, so how can He fulfill the necessary qualifications, as specified in the Scriptures, of the Messiah?
See Primogeniture and Descent

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