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Abib, from the Hebrew word pronounced aw-beeb, meant tender, or green, as in ripening grain, or "corn" (see Corn). It was the name given to the "first month of the year to you" (Exodus 12:2 KJV). The Biblical calendar (see the Fact Finder question below) was lunar-based; all months began at new moon (the first sighting of the crescent new moon actually, month is derived from moon) and the year began in spring (in the land of Israel). Later, from the time of the Babylonian exile, Abib was called Nisan (Nehemiah 2:1, Esther 3:7).

"For in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt"

The Exodus occurred in the month of Abib, in early spring.


"And The Lord [see YHVH, Adonai, Jehovah, LORD] spake unto Moses, saying, Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine. And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand The Lord brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten. This day came ye out in the month Abib." (Exodus 13:1-4 KJV)

The Passover / Feast of Unleavened Bread was the first of three annual commanded feasts held through the year - the Feast of Unleavened Bread in spring, the Feast of Harvest (Pentecost) in early summer and the Feast of Ingathering (Feast of Tabernacles) in early autumn.

"Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto Me in the year. Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before Me empty: And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field." (Exodus 23:14-16 KJV)

The Feast of Unleavened Bread didn't just happen at the time of the Exodus, it symbolized the Exodus, and a greater Exodus that is yet to be fulfilled for humanity as a whole.

"The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt." (Exodus 34:18 KJV)

Most Christian-professing people are familiar with Passover (at least in name), but relatively few are familiar with the integral Days of Unleavened Bread that are the applied purpose of the purpose of the Passover i.e. the Sacrifice of the Messiah makes salvation possible for the repentant, those who strive the very best that they can to put sin out of their lives; the Messiah did not die for the sins of those who refuse to repent, those who are going to be incinerated into oblivion (see "They Shall Be Ashes"). To understand what each of the God-commanded Biblical Holy Days mean to Christians (since Christians are the point and purpose of the Holy Days), see Passover and The Lamb Of God, The Feast Of Unleavened Bread, Pentecost, The Feast Of Trumpets, The Day of Atonement, The Feast of Tabernacles and The Eighth Day.

"Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto The Lord thy God: for in the month of Abib The Lord thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night. Thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto The Lord thy God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which The Lord shall choose to place his name there. Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction: for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life. And there shall be no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast seven days; neither shall there any thing of the flesh, which thou sacrificedst the first day at even, remain all night until the morning.

"Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates, which The Lord thy God giveth thee: But at the place which The Lord thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt" (Deuteronomy 16:1-6 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) How is God's calendar based upon God's creation? (b) How is the man-made Roman calendar that much of the world uses today actually pagan?
(a) See Bible Calendar and Bible Months
(b) See Sun Day, Moon Day, Tiw's Day and Pope Gregory's Calendar

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