by Wayne Blank
Enmishpat, or En-Mishpat, which meant fountain of judgment, was the earlier-known name for Kadesh, or Kadesh-Barnea (also rendered Kadeshbarnea), which meant consecrated or holy. It was located north of The Sinai Peninsula between the Wilderness of Paran and the Wilderness of Zin. It's first mentioned, in the Kadesh form, in The Bible during the time of Abraham, and later, during the Wilderness Journey after the Exodus, the Israelites remained for many years at, and in the vicinity of, Kadesh.
"Enmishpat, which is Kadesh" In Bible History
"And she called the name of The Lord that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me? Wherefore the well was called Beerlahairoi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered. And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael." (Genesis 16:13-15 KJV)
Abraham lived in the region of Kadesh for some time:
"And Abraham journeyed from thence toward the south country, and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar." (Genesis 20:1 KJV)
"So ye abode in Kadesh many days, according unto the days that ye abode there" (Deuteronomy 1:46 KJV)
From Kadesh, Joshua and others from each of the tribes of Israel were sent to gather information about the Promised Land:
"And The Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Send thou men, that they may search The Land Of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel: of every tribe of their fathers shall ye send a man, every one a ruler among them. And Moses by the commandment of The Lord sent them from the wilderness of Paran: all those men were heads of the children of Israel ... And they returned from searching of the land after forty days. And they went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation, and showed them the fruit of the land" (Numbers 13:1-3,25-26 KJV)
Fact Finder: As mentioned in the verses above, "they returned from searching of the land after forty days." Why then did the Israelites spend another 40 years in the wilderness when they were at most only 40 days away from it? What did they do to make that happen to themselves?