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by Wayne Blank
"And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone. And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia. And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates." (Genesis 2:10-14 KJV)
It was the Assyrians who conquered and exiled the northern kingdom of Israelites, with the capital at Samaria, resulting in the "Lost Ten Tribes" of Israel. The prophets Elijah, Elisha, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea, Micah, Nahum, Zephaniah and Zechariah all refer to Assyria (see Prophets).
The Assyrian empire eventually declined, and by 600 B.C. it was overcome by the Babylonians.
Fact Finder: Which Assyrian king had 185,000 of his troops destroyed by an angel for blaspheming God when they were besieging Jerusalem?