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What Did Jesus Say About Taxes?

The Herodians were one of the Jewish parties of Jerusalem and Judea during the human lifetime of Jesus Christ, the others being the Pharisees, Sadducees, Zealots and Essenes. Unlike the others however, the Herodians were primarily a political group, rather than religious - as their name implies, the Herodians were supporters of The Herods, and rule from Rome (see Ancient Empires - Rome). While the Pharisees and Sadduccees opposed Jesus Christ because they viewed Him as a competitor for religious leadership of the people, the collaborationist Herodians opposed the Messiah because they viewed His growing popularity as a political threat to their Roman masters.

"Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's"

The Herodians joined with the Pharisees to oppose Jesus Christ, even after witnessing His miracles:

Roman Coins

"And He entered again into the synagogue [see also Aliyya and Haftara]; and there was a man there which had a withered hand. And they watched Him, whether He would heal him on the Sabbath day; that they might accuse Him. And He saith unto the man which had the withered hand, Stand forth."

"And He saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath days, or to do evil? to save life, or to kill?" "But they held their peace."

"And when He had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, He saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it out: and his hand was restored whole as the other. And the Pharisees went forth, and straightway took counsel with the Herodians against Him, how they might destroy Him."

"But Jesus withdrew Himself with His disciples to the sea: and a great multitude from Galilee followed Him, and from Judaea, And from Jerusalem, and from Idumea, and from beyond Jordan; and they about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude, when they had heard what great things He did, came unto Him." (Mark 3:1-8 KJV)

Jesus' famous "Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's" was in response to an attempted political set-up by the Herodians and Pharisees:

"And they send unto Him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch Him in His words. And when they were come, they say unto Him, Master [see Rabbi], we know that Thou art true, and carest for no man: for Thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not? Shall we give, or shall we not give?" "But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye Me? Bring me a penny, that I may see it. And they brought it. And He saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription?"

"And they said unto him, Caesar's."

"And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's."

"And they marvelled at Him." (Mark 12:13-17 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) What sort of coin was Jesus Christ holding in the Scripture (Mark 12:15-16) above? (b) Which two Caesars could possibly have been pictured on the coin?
See The Denarius


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