The People of Ham
Ham, from the Hebrew word pronounced kawm, meaning hot, was the name given to one of Noah's three sons. The descendants of Ham were among the most prominent of the early people after the Flood, with their kingdoms established from northeastern Africa (Egypt is referred to as "the land of Ham" - see the Fact Finder question below) and across the Middle East (e.g. the Babylonian empire, centered in what is today Iraq, was founded by Ham's grandson Nimrod - see the genealogy below).
"the sons of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan"
Ham was a son of Noah and his wife (her name is not recorded in the Scriptures):
"And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth." (Genesis 6:10 KJV)
It was from the sons of Noah that the earth was re-populated after the Flood (another proof that the flood was not merely a local event as some claim - see also How Deep Was The Flood?).
"And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark [see also How Big Was Noah's Ark?], were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth ... These are the three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth overspread." (Genesis 9:18-19 KJV)
The early history of the descendants of Ham involved some of the most well-known nations of Bible History.
"And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan [see also The Land Of Canaan]."
"And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtechah: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan."
"And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before The Lord: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before The Lord. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in The Land of Shinar. Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah, And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city."
"And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, out of whom came Philistim, and Caphtorim.
"And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth, And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite, And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad."
"And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha."
"These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, and in their nations." (Genesis 10:6-20 KJV)
Fact Finder: Was Egypt known as "the land of Ham"?