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Thaddaeus was one of the disciples of Jesus Christ who were chosen by the Christ to be among the twelve apostles (i.e. while all apostles were disciples, not all disciples were apostles - to understand the difference between "disciple" and "apostle" see Disciples and Apostles). As was the case with a number of the other apostles, Thaddaeus is known by more than one name; he is also variously called "Lebbaeus," "Judas the brother of James" or "Judas, not Iscariot." Not a great amount is recorded about Thaddaeus, apart from his listing in the twelve and his question to the Christ about how, when and why people begin to "see." Thaddaeus will however become much better known in the future (see the Fact Finder question below).

"Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus"

Mark uses "Thaddaeus" in his listing of the twelve:

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"And He ordained twelve, that they should be with Him, and that he might send them forth to preach, And to have power to heal sicknesses, and to cast out devils:" [see Casting Out Demons; also What Makes Satan A Devil?]

"And Simon He surnamed Peter; And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and He surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder: And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanite, And Judas Iscariot, which also betrayed Him" (Mark 3:14-19 KJV)

Matthew uses "Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus":

"And when He had called unto Him His twelve disciples, He gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal [see also Faith and Healing] all manner of sickness and all manner of disease."

"Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him" (Matthew 10:1-4 KJV)

Luke uses "Judas the brother of James"

"And when it was day, he called unto Him His disciples: and of them He chose twelve, whom also He named apostles; Simon, whom He also named Peter, and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew, Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes, And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor" (Luke 6:13-16 KJV)

John uses "Judas, not Iscariot." It was Thaddaeus / Lebbaeus / Judas who asked how it is that some can "see" while others don't - yet.

"If ye love Me, keep My commandments. And I will pray the Father, and He shall give you another Comforter, that He may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth Him not, neither knoweth Him: but ye know Him; for He dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you. Yet a little while, and the world seeth Me no more; but ye see Me: because I live, ye shall live also. At that day ye shall know that I am in My Father, and ye in Me, and I in you. He that hath My commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth Me: and he that loveth Me shall be loved of My Father, and I will love him, and will manifest Myself to him."

"Judas saith unto Him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that Thou wilt manifest Thyself unto us, and not unto the world?" [see also When Did The Apostles Really Understand?]

"Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love Me, he will keep My words: and My Father will love him, and We will come unto him, and make Our abode with him. He that loveth Me not keepeth not My sayings: and the word which ye hear is not Mine, but the Father's which sent Me."

"These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you. But the Comforter, which is The Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in My Name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid." (John 15:15-27 KJV)

Fact Finder: While some of the twelve apostles are better known than others, how will all be equally well known, to all the world, in the future?
Luke 22:29-30, Revelation 21:10-14

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