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Lord Of The Flies

In The Older Testament (see also Old Testament Fact File), the Hebrew Baal-zebub, meaning the lord of the flies, or possibly, as some translations have it, the lord of dung, was the Philistine pagan god of Ekron. In the New Testament (see New Testament Fact File), the Greek form of Baal-zebub is Beelzebub, or Beelzebul, a name used by Jesus Christ in reference to Satan, "the prince of the devils."

"Baalzebub the god of Ekron"

Although Baal-zebub was the pagan god of the Philistines, some of the Israelites were corrupted by its cult - including King Ahaziah of Israel (see Kings of Israel and Judah and Israelite Dynasties), for which The Lord, through the prophet Elijah, rebuked him:


"And Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick: and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, inquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron whether I shall recover of this disease."

"But the angel of The Lord said to Elijah the Tishbite, Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria, and say unto them, Is it not because there is not a God in Israel, that ye go to inquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron?" (2 Kings 1:2-3 KJV)

"Beelzebub the prince of the devils"

In a knowingly blasphemous accusation that is going to come back on them on the Judgment Day, some of the Pharisees, who actually knew that Jesus Christ was from God (i.e. "There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him." John 3:1-2 KJV), nevertheless wickedly blasphemed the Messiah (Nicodemus didn't) in an attempt to turn the people away from following Him:

"Then a blind and dumb demoniac was brought to Him, and He healed him, so that the dumb man spoke and saw. And all the people were amazed, and said, "Can this be the Son of David?"

"But when the Pharisees heard it they said, "It is only by Beelzebul, the prince of demons, that this man casts out demons."

"Knowing their thoughts, He said to them, "Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and no city or house divided against itself will stand; and if Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself; how then will his kingdom stand? And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they shall be your judges. But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the Kingdom of God has come upon you." (Matthew 12:22-28 KJV)

Fact Finder: How does the Bible describe Satan's actual appearance?
See What Does Satan Look Like?

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