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The Tigris River

Hiddekel is the (transliterated) Hebrew name of a river in Mesopotamia that was a form of the name given to it by the ancient people of Accad which meant "the rapid Tigris." The name Tigris itself is a derivation of the Old Persian language word tigr which means arrow. Bible translations variously render the name of the river both ways, as illustrated by these examples of Genesis 2:14 from the King James and Revised Standard Versions of the Holy Bible.

"And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria" (KJV)

"And the name of the third river is Tigris, which flows east of Assyria" (RSV)


"the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria"

The Tigris River originates in the mountains of Armenia (where the ark landed after the Flood, see Mount Ararat), not far from the source of the Euphrates River. The Tigris then runs nearly 1,200 miles southeastward through Mesopotamia (today, mostly Iraq) before emptying into the Persian Gulf. The capitals of ancient Assyria, Nineveh, and modern day Baghdad, are located on the Tigris River (see the Fact Finder question below for detailed information about the ancient Babylonian and Assyrian empires).

The Tigris was one of the four rivers that divided from the single river of the garden of Eden.

"And The Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. And out of the ground made The Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil."

"And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone. And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia. And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates." (Genesis 2:8-14 KJV)

The angel Gabriel (see Messages From Gabriel) delivered some of the most specific Prophecy of the Scriptures to The Prophet Daniel while he was "by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel."

"In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision."

"In those days I Daniel was mourning three full weeks. I ate no pleasant bread, neither came flesh nor wine in my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all, till three whole weeks were fulfilled."

"And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, as I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel; Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz: His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude."

"And I Daniel alone saw the vision: for the men that were with me saw not the vision; but a great quaking fell upon them, so that they fled to hide themselves." (Daniel 10:1-7 KJV)

Fact Finder: What were the two great empires of Bible History and Prophecy that were geographically centered in the Tigris River region?
See Ancient Empires - Babylon and Ancient Empires - Assyria; also Nebuchadnezzar's Dream

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