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Cenchrea

Cenchrea was the eastern port of Corinth. The apostle Paul (see Paul's Ministry; also Paul's First Missionary Journey, Paul's Second Missionary Journey and Paul's Third Missionary Journey) sailed from Cenchrea on the return voyage of his second missionary journey.

"Paul departed from Athens and came to Corinth"

Paul arrived in Corinth after leaving Athens. There he met Priscilla and Aquila.

Paul's Second Missionary Journey

"After these things Paul departed from Athens [see Paul In Athens], and came to Corinth; And found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla; because that Claudius [see Emperor Claudius] had commanded all Jews to depart from Rome: and came unto them. And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and wrought: for by their occupation they were tentmakers. And he reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks." (Acts 18:1-4 KJV)

Paul's experience in Corinth was typical of the response that he received almost everywhere else; some people accepted the truth and those who preached it, while others opposed the truth and those who preached it.

"And when Silas and Timotheos were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews that Jesus was Christ. And when they opposed themselves, and blasphemed, he shook his raiment, and said unto them, Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean: from henceforth I will go unto the Gentiles."

"And he departed thence, and entered into a certain man's house, named Justus, one that worshipped God, whose house joined hard to the synagogue. And Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptized [see also The Origin of Baptism]." (Acts 18:5-8 KJV)

Paul's ministry was often a matter of dangerous circumstances, but The Lord protected him because Paul's time of service was not yet complete.

"Then spake the Lord to Paul in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace: For I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much people in this city. And he continued there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them." (Acts 18:9-11 KJV)

Fortunately for Paul, the threats at that time and in that place came only from religious opponents. The Roman political ruler, Gallio, refused to take sides. Gallio was the brother of the Roman philosopher Seneca who was a tutor and advisor to the Roman Emperor Nero (both Gallio and Seneca committed suicide, or were forced to commit suicide, by Nero for their alleged involvement in plots to overthrow the emperor; see also Ancient Empires - Rome).

"And when Gallio was the deputy of Achaia, the Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul, and brought him to the judgment seat, Saying, This fellow persuadeth men to worship God contrary to the law."

"And when Paul was now about to open his mouth, Gallio said unto the Jews, If it were a matter of wrong or wicked lewdness, O ye Jews, reason would that I should bear with you: But if it be a question of words and names, and of your law, look ye to it; for I will be no judge of such matters. And he drave them from the judgment seat. Then all the Greeks took Sosthenes, the chief ruler of the synagogue, and beat him before the judgment seat. And Gallio cared for none of those things." (Acts 18:12-17 KJV)

Cenchrea's mention is when Paul departed Corinth from that port.

"And Paul after this tarried there yet a good while, and then took his leave of the brethren, and sailed thence into Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in Cenchrea: for he had a vow." (Acts 18:18 KJV)

Fact Finder: In Paul's epistle to the Romans, what was the name of the woman who Paul described as "a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea"?
Romans 16:1
Note: the actual Greek word that Paul wrote, which is translated into English as "servant" is (pronounced in Greek) dee-ak-on-ee-ah; it means deacon/deaconess or minister. Deacon, deaconess and minister all literally mean servant. See Minister and Deacon and Deaconess


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