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Isaiah the Prophet

Isaiah, from the Hebrew name pronounced yesh-aw-yaw (notice how in English, and other languages, pronunciation of Biblical names are sometimes almost unrecognizable from their actual sound in Hebrew) meaning The Lord has saved, was a prominent prophet of God (his wife is also referred to as a "prophetess," see below) during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah. As such, Isaiah had one of the longest prophetic ministries of any of the prophets. Parallel accounts of Isaiah's activities are found in 2 Kings, 2 Chronicles and the book that is named after the prophet himself, Isaiah.

"The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah"

Isaiah is frequently recorded in the Scriptures as "the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz" (2 Kings 20:1 KJV). His wife is referred to as a "prophetess" (Isaiah 8:3 KJV), either because she was a prophet in her own right, such as were Deborah during the time of the Judges ("Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time," Judges 4:4) and Huldah later in the time of Kings ("Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe; now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the college; and they communed with her," 2 Kings 22:14 KJV), or because, in the case of Isaiah's wife, the original term meant "wife of the prophet." Isaiah had at least two sons, who were given prophetically symbolic (to the kingdom of Judah) names; Shearjashub (in Hebrew meaning a remnant shall return) and Mahershalalhashbaz (in Hebrew meaning sudden plunder).

Jerusalem Isaiah's ministry began around the time of the reign of Uzziah (i.e. "The vision of Isaiah ... in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah" and continued for something over 60 years (see also Kings of Israel and Judah).

"And Uzziah the king was a leper unto the day of his death, and dwelt in a several house, being a leper; for he was cut off from the house of The Lord: and Jotham his son was over the king's house, judging the people of the land. Now the rest of the acts of Uzziah, first and last, did Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, write." (2 Chronicles 26:21-22 KJV)

The Assyrians had years before conquered and taken into exile the northern kingdom of Israel (see The Galilee Captivity) and it seems that the Assyrians had designs on the southern kingdom of Judah, but their mistake was to blaspheme The Lord (see The Day Sennacherib Challenged God). Judah was spared the fate of Israel - from the Assyrians.

"So the servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah. And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say to your master, Thus saith The Lord, Be not afraid of the words which thou hast heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me. Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and shall return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land." (2 Kings 19:2-7 KJV)

Isaiah was involved in The Lord's healing of Hezekiah, adding fifteen years to his life.

"In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz came to him, and said unto him, Thus saith The Lord, Set thine house in order; for thou shalt die, and not live.

Then he turned his face to the wall, and prayed unto The Lord, saying, I beseech thee, O Lord, remember now how I have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done that which is good in thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore.

And it came to pass, afore Isaiah was gone out into the middle court, that the word of The Lord came to him, saying, Turn again, and tell Hezekiah the captain of My people, Thus saith The Lord, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will heal thee: on the third day thou shalt go up unto the house of The Lord. And I will add unto thy days fifteen years; and I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria; and I will defend this city for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake." (2 Kings 20:1-6 KJV)

Although the kingdom of Judah were saved from the Assyrians, their corruption eventually brought their self-destruction anyway. The Lord allowed the Babylonians to conquer and exile the people of Judah (see Why Babylon?).

"Then said Isaiah to Hezekiah, Hear the word of The Lord of hosts: Behold, the days come, that all that is in thine house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store until this day, shall be carried to Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith The Lord. And of thy sons that shall issue from thee, which thou shalt beget, shall they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon." (Isaiah 39:5-7 KJV)

One of the most famous verses of the Scriptures is found in Isaiah, "they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks" (see Christ the Conqueror For Peace)

"The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem. And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of The Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it. And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of The Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of The Lord from Jerusalem. And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more." (Isaiah 2:1-4 KJV)

Fact Finder: Did Isaiah provide detailed prophesies of not only the first coming of the Messiah as a man, but also His second coming in power and glory to establish the Kingdom of God on earth (as obviously described in the verse quote above)?
See First And Second Comings In Isaiah

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