by Wayne Blank
"I will bring Israel again to his habitation, and he shall feed on Carmel and Bashan"
At the time of Israel's entrance into their Promised Land, Og of Bashan made the strategic mistake of attacking The Lord as He was leading the advancing Israelites. It cost him his kingdom.
"Then we turned, and went up the way to Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei. And The Lord said unto me, Fear him not: for I will deliver him, and all his people, and his land, into thy hand; and thou shalt do unto him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at Heshbon.
Bashan became part of the Israelite promised land (see the Fact Finder question below), given to the eastern half of the tribe of Manasseh.
"And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben answered, saying, As The Lord hath said unto thy servants, so will we do. We will pass over armed before The Lord into the land of Canaan, that the possession of our inheritance on this side Jordan may be ours.
Golan, one of the cities of Bashan, was designated as one of the Israelite Cities Of Refuge.
"And unto the children of Gershon, of the families of the Levites, out of the other half tribe of Manasseh they gave Golan in Bashan with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the slayer" (Joshua 21:27 KJV)
Bashan was one of Solomon's supply districts (see Solomon's Kingdom).
"And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision ... The son of Geber, in Ramothgilead; to him pertained the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; to him also pertained the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brazen bars" (1 Kings 4:7,13 KJV)
King Hazael of Syria took Bashan from Israel when "The Lord began to cut Israel short," but it was years later recovered by King Jehoash of Israel (see Kings of Israel and Judah), unlike the modern day, when Syria, except for the Golan, again holds Bashan.
"In those days The Lord began to cut Israel short: and Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel; From Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer, which is by the river Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan." (2 Kings 10:32-33 KJV)
Later historic and prophetic references to Bashan attest to the meaning of its name, fertile land (and why Solomon, as mentioned above, would have designated it as one of his supply districts).
"of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan" (Ezekiel 39:18 KJV)
Fact Finder: How is it that only a part of the Israelites had to cross the Jordan to get to their promised land?