The Deuteronomy of Moses
"These be the words which Moses [see also The Education Of Moses] spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain over against the Red sea, between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab. There are eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir unto Kadeshbarnea. And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spake unto the children of Israel, according unto all that The Lord had given him in commandment unto them." (Deuteronomy 1:1-3 KJV)
"according unto all that The Lord had given him"
Deuteronomy, from a Greek word meaning second law, is the English name given to the last of the five books of Moses (English translations use a Greek name for the Hebrew Scriptures). The Hebrew name for it, Words, is based upon the opening i.e. "These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel."
Delivered at the end of their forty years in the wilderness (to understand why it took them forty years for a journey that could have been done in forty days, see A Journey Without A Destination), it was in effect Moses' farewell address to Israel because he knew that he was not going to cross the Jordan with them.
Deuteronomy is a review of Israelite history up to that point, and a second reading of the Laws of Righteousness that The Lord gave to them (and the rest of humanity). While first recorded in Exodus, The Ten Commandments (see The First Commandment,
The Second Commandment,
The Third Commandment,
The Fourth Commandment,
The Fifth Commandment,
The Sixth Commandment,
The Seventh Commandment,
The Eighth Commandment,
The Ninth Commandment and
The Tenth Commandment) are repeated in Deuteronomy.
"I am The Lord thy God [see YHVH, Adonai, Jehovah, LORD], which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. Thou shalt have none other gods before Me.
Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I The Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me, And showing mercy unto thousands of them that love Me and keep My Commandments.
Thou shalt not take The Name of The Lord thy God in vain: for The Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh His Name in vain.
Keep the Sabbath day to sanctify it, as The Lord thy God hath commanded thee. Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the Sabbath of The Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou. And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that The Lord thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore The Lord thy God commanded thee to keep the Sabbath day.
Honour thy father and thy mother, as The Lord thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which The Lord thy God giveth thee.
Thou shalt not kill.
Neither shalt thou commit adultery.
Neither shalt thou steal.
Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour's wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour's house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour's." (Deuteronomy 5:6-21 KJV)
The only part that was obviously not written by Moses was the end:
"And Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, that is over against Jericho. And The Lord showed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan, And all Naphtali, and the land of Ephraim, and Manasseh, and all the land of Judah, unto the utmost sea, And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar. And The Lord said unto him, This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy seed: I have caused thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over thither.
So Moses the servant of The Lord died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of The Lord. And he buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor: but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day. And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated. And the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days: so the days of weeping and mourning for Moses were ended." (Deuternonomy 34:1-8 KJV)
Fact Finder: (a) Why wasn't Moses allowed to enter the Israelites' physical promised land? (b) Will Moses nevertheless be in the future Kingdom of God with Christ, as seen in vision at the Transfiguration?
(a) Numbers 20:2-12
(b) Matthew 17:1-3