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by Wayne Blank
The Old Testament was written mostly in Hebrew, and the New Testament was written mostly in Greek, but there are no Hebrew or Greek equivalents for the names of the days of the week that are now commonly used in English, or any other language. The reason for that, as many people are still very surprised to discover, is that the days of the week that we commonly identify have been given pagan names. In The Bible, from Genesis to Revelation, the days of the week were identified only by number, the first to the seventh, while only one specific day, the seventh, was given a name, the Sabbath, which means rest.
Roman Pagan "Dies"
Pagan people of ancient times believed in astrology; they worshiped the sun and the moon, and the 5 known planets which they named after pagan gods: Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn (which can be seen in the night sky with the unaided eye; the other 3 planets of the solar system, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto, to which modern-day scientists gave pagan names, were not discovered until after telescopes became available). The days of the week in English originated from the Latin or Germanic names for those pagan gods.
Dies solis means the day of the sun, from which we get Sunday. Sun worship was marked by the use of the halo, or nimbus, which originated with the pagan Greeks and Romans to represent their sun god, Helios. Later artists adopted it for use in Christian images. The halo is actually just the sun behind the person's head (see What Is A Halo?). It's easy to recognize once one realizes what it is, although it's also often stylized to make it less obvious. Originally a very devious way of mixing idolatrous sun worship with Christianity by converts who were not all that converted, the pagan halo became a very misleading tradition in Christian art.
Fact Finder: How has Roman paganism attempted to replace God's true Holy Sabbath Day?