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Leviticus 2-4

Supplemental notes for the Daily Bible Study Bible Reading Plan

by Wayne Blank

Leviticus Chapter 2

The Levitical offerings and sacrifices were all prophetic of Christianity (see the Fact Finder question below). The grain offerings included unleavened and firstfruits principles found in specific Holy Days. Example:

Grain

"When you bring a cereal offering baked in the oven as an offering, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil [see Christ's Feast of Unleavened Bread for the symbolic meaning of unleavened bread]. And if your offering is a cereal offering baked on a griddle, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mixed with oil; you shall break it in pieces, and pour oil on it; it is a cereal offering. And if your offering is a cereal offering cooked in a pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil. And you shall bring the cereal offering that is made of these things to The Lord; and when it is presented to the priest, he shall bring it to the altar. And the priest shall take from the cereal offering its memorial portion and burn this on the altar, an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to The Lord. And what is left of the cereal offering shall be for Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the offerings by fire to The Lord.

No cereal offering which you bring to The Lord shall be made with leaven; for you shall burn no leaven nor any honey as an offering by fire to The Lord. As an offering of first fruits [see Christ's Pentecost for the symbolic meaning of firstfruits] you may bring them to The Lord, but they shall not be offered on the altar for a pleasing odor. You shall season all your cereal offerings with salt; you shall not let the salt of the covenant with your God be lacking from your cereal offering; with all your offerings you shall offer salt." (Leviticus 2:4-13 RSV)

Leviticus Chapter 3

The same principle was found in the peace (also translated as "fellowship") offering. The original Hebrew word, pronounced sheh-lem means peace; the sheh-lem is also found in the city name Jerusalem.

The Shepherd's Flock

"If his offering for a sacrifice of peace offering to The Lord [see also YHVH, Adonai, Jehovah, LORD] is an animal from the flock, male or female, he shall offer it without blemish. If he offers a lamb for his offering, then he shall offer it before The Lord, laying his hand upon the head of his offering and killing it before the tent of meeting; and Aaron's sons shall throw its blood against the altar round about. Then from the sacrifice of the peace offering as an offering by fire to The Lord he shall offer its fat, the fat tail entire, taking it away close by the backbone, and the fat that covers the entrails, and all the fat that is on the entrails, and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins, and the appendage of the liver which he shall take away with the kidneys. And the priest shall burn it on the altar as food offered by fire to The Lord.

If his offering is a goat, then he shall offer it before The Lord [see also Christ The Creator], and lay his hand upon its head, and kill it before the tent of meeting; and the sons of Aaron shall throw its blood against the altar round about. Then he shall offer from it, as his offering for an offering by fire to The Lord, the fat covering the entrails, and all the fat that is on the entrails, and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins, and the appendage of the liver which he shall take away with the kidneys. And the priest shall burn them on the altar as food offered by fire for a pleasing odor. All fat is The Lord's." (Leviticus 3:6-16 RSV)

Leviticus Chapter 4

The sin offering was more obvious and direct in symbolic purpose (see the Fact Finder question below). Various animals were used for specific people i.e. a young bull for "the anointed priest" or "the whole congregation of Israel," a male goat for a "ruler," a female goat for "one of the common people."

Blood Sacrifice

"if it is the anointed priest who sins, thus bringing guilt on the people, then let him offer for the sin which he has committed a young bull without blemish to The Lord for a sin offering." (Leviticus 4:3 RSV)

"If the whole congregation of Israel commits a sin unwittingly and the thing is hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they do any one of the things which The Lord has commanded not to be done and are guilty; when the sin which they have committed becomes known, the assembly shall offer a young bull for a sin offering and bring it before the tent of meeting" (Leviticus 4:13-14 RSV)

"When a ruler sins, doing unwittingly any one of all the things which The Lord his God has commanded not to be done, and is guilty, if the sin which he has committed is made known to him, he shall bring as his offering a goat, a male without blemish" (Leviticus 4:22-23 RSV)

"If any one of the common people sins unwittingly in doing any one of the things which The Lord has commanded not to be done, and is guilty, when the sin which he has committed is made known to him he shall bring for his offering a goat, a female without blemish, for his sin which he has committed" (Leviticus 4:27-28 RSV)

Fact Finder: What is the significance of blood for the payment for sin? What is Christ's connection to the blood of bulls and goats?
See Why Blood?


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