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The Levites, with their assigned levels of responsibility, were given to attend to the center of worship, all of the things that were living symbols of the coming Messiah (see What Is Jesus Christ Doing Right Now?).
"These are the generations of Aaron and Moses [see The Education Of Moses; also The Trysting Tent and Why Did Christ Put Moses To Death?] at the time when The Lord spoke with Moses on Mount Sinai.
Even the order of the camp had a symbolic purpose toward the coming Messiah (see Why Did They Face East?).
"And those to encamp before the tabernacle on the east, before the tent of meeting toward the sunrise, were Moses and Aaron and his sons, having charge of the rites within the Sanctuary, whatever had to be done for the people of Israel; and any one else who came near was to be put to death." (Numbers 3:38 RSV)
Numbers Chapter 4
Specific Levites had specific duties. After the deaths of Nadab and Abihu, all well understood that there was only one proper way to worship The Lord - the way that He commanded, each within their own areas of responsibility (see The Fact Finder question below).
"And when Aaron and his sons have finished covering the sanctuary and all the furnishings of the sanctuary, as the camp sets out, after that the sons of Kohath shall come to carry these, but they must not touch the holy things, lest they die. These are the things of the tent of meeting which the sons of Kohath are to carry.
Numbers Chapter 5
As with the laws for a healthy diet (see Clean and Unclean), The Lord instructed the Israelites in proper health and hygiene within their very large population in The Camp i.e. the census counted over 600,000 military-age Israelites alone (Numbers 2:32).
"The Lord said to Moses, "Command the people of Israel that they put out of the camp every leper, and every one having a discharge, and every one that is unclean through contact with the dead; you shall put out both male and female, putting them outside the camp, that they may not defile their camp, in the midst of which I dwell." And the people of Israel did so, and drove them outside the camp; as The Lord said to Moses, so the people of Israel did." (Numbers 5:1-4 RSV)
Fact Finder: How was the Levitical high priesthood conducted until the time of the coming of the High Priest that they merely symbolized?