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The Book of Job has been recognized and used as part of Holy Scripture from early times. Ezekiel The Prophet wrote of him, as spoken by The Lord i.e. "even if these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they would deliver but their own lives by their righteousness, says The Lord God" (Ezekiel 14;14 RSV); Jesus Christ would have therefore taught about Job (see the Fact Finder question below). Job is mentioned in the New Testament also e.g. "You have heard of the steadfastness of Job" (James 5:11 RSV).
"There was a man in The Land Of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was blameless and upright, one who feared God, and turned away from evil. There were born to him seven sons and three daughters. He had seven thousand sheep, three thousand Camels, five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she-asses, and very many servants; so that this man was the greatest of all the people of the east." (Job 1:1-3 RSV)
Ironically, righteous Job's name, in Hebrew pronounced ee-yobe, means hated, or persecuted - not by The Lord, not by other humans, but by Satan because Job was a good and honest man.
"Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before The Lord [see YHVH, Adonai, Jehovah, LORD and "The God Of The Old Testament"], and Satan also came among them. The Lord said to Satan, "Whence have you come?"
The Lord permitted the test of Job (the loss of his children and property, Job 1:13-19), not to allow Satan to do evil, but to enable Job to become more righteous (see Trials and Tribulations).
"Then Job arose, and rent his robe, and shaved his head, and fell upon the ground, and worshiped. And he said, "Naked I came from my mother's womb, and naked shall I return; The Lord gave, and The Lord has taken away; blessed be the name of The Lord." In all this Job did not sin or charge God with wrong." (Job 1:20-22 RSV)
Job Chapter 2
Satan was then allowed to afflict Job himself, not to weaken him, but to make him stronger.
"And The Lord said to Satan, "Have you considered My servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, who fears God and turns away from evil? He still holds fast his integrity, although you moved Me against him, to destroy him without cause."
Upon hearing of their friend's troubles, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite arrived "to condole with him and comfort him."
"Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that had come upon him, they came each from his own place, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite. They made an appointment together to come to condole with him and comfort him. And when they saw him from afar, they did not recognize him; and they raised their voices and wept; and they rent their robes and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven [see Heavens Below, Heavens Above]. And they sat with him on the ground seven days and seven nights, and no one spoke a word to him, for they saw that his suffering was very great." (Job 2:11-13 RSV)
Job Chapter 3
In his pain and sorrow, Job's lament began.
"After this Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth. And Job said: