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Job 41-42, Psalm 1

Supplemental notes for the Daily Bible Study Bible Reading Plan

by Wayne Blank

Job Chapter 41

The Lord continued with analogies from nature. The "Leviathan" is a transliterated Hebrew word which means writhing or curled i.e. some sort of powerful creature of the waters, perhaps the Nile crocodile (see also the Fact Finder question below).


"Can you draw out Leviathan with a fishhook, or press down his tongue with a cord? Can you put a rope in his nose, or pierce his jaw with a hook? Will he make many supplications to you? Will he speak to you soft words? Will he make a covenant with you to take him for your servant for ever? Will you play with him as with a bird, or will you put him on leash for your maidens? Will traders bargain over him? Will they divide him up among the merchants? Can you fill his skin with harpoons, or his head with fishing spears? Lay hands on him; think of the battle; you will not do it again! Behold, the hope of a man is disappointed; he is laid low even at the sight of him. No one is so fierce that he dares to stir him up. Who then is he that can stand before me? Who has given to me, that I should repay him? Whatever is under the whole heaven is mine.

I will not keep silence concerning his limbs, or his mighty strength, or his goodly frame. Who can strip off his outer garment? Who can penetrate his double coat of mail? Who can open the doors of his face? Round about his teeth is terror. His back is made of rows of shields, shut up closely as with a seal. 41:16 One is so near to another that no air can come between them. They are joined one to another; they clasp each other and cannot be separated. His sneezings flash forth light, and his eyes are like the eyelids of the dawn. Out of his mouth go flaming torches; sparks of fire leap forth. Out of his nostrils comes forth smoke, as from a boiling pot and burning rushes. His breath kindles coals, and a flame comes forth from his mouth. In his neck abides strength, and terror dances before him. The folds of his flesh cleave together, firmly cast upon him and immovable. His heart is hard as a stone, hard as the nether millstone.

When he raises himself up the mighty are afraid; at the crashing they are beside themselves. Though the sword reaches him, it does not avail; nor the spear, the dart, or the javelin. He counts iron as straw, and bronze as rotten wood. The arrow cannot make him flee; for him slingstones are turned to stubble. Clubs are counted as stubble; he laughs at the rattle of javelins. His underparts are like sharp potsherds; he spreads himself like a threshing sledge on the mire. He makes the deep boil like a pot; he makes the sea like a pot of ointment. Behind him he leaves a shining wake; one would think the deep to be hoary. Upon earth there is not his like, a creature without fear. He beholds everything that is high; he is king over all the sons of pride." (Job 41:1-34 RSV)

Job Chapter 42

The conclusion of the book of Job was about justice, not man's corrupt justice in Satan's world (see Who Still Rules The World Today?), but The Lord's justice for those who overcome their time of Trials and Tribulations. Job triumphed and was rewarded with far more than he had lost - even his family that died will one day be made alive again (see Resurrections).


"Then Job answered The Lord: "I know that thou canst do all things, and that no purpose of thine can be thwarted. 'Who is this that hides counsel without knowledge?' Therefore I have uttered what I did not understand, things too wonderful for me, which I did not know. 'Hear, and I will speak; I will question you, and you declare to me.' I had heard of thee by the hearing of the ear, but now my eye sees thee; therefore I despise myself, and repent in dust and ashes." [see Sackcloth and Ashes]

After The Lord had spoken these words to Job, The Lord said to Eliphaz the Temanite: "My wrath is kindled against you and against your two friends; for you have not spoken of Me what is right, as My servant Job has. Now therefore take seven bulls and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering [see Burnt Offerings]; and My servant Job shall pray for you, for I will accept his prayer not to deal with you according to your folly; for you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has." So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went and did what The Lord had told them; and The Lord accepted Job's prayer.

And The Lord restored the fortunes of Job, when he had prayed for his friends; and The Lord gave Job twice as much as he had before. Then came to him all his brothers and sisters and all who had known him before, and ate bread with him in his house; and they showed him sympathy and comforted him for all the evil that The Lord had brought upon him; and each of them gave him a piece of money and a ring of gold.

And The Lord blessed the latter days of Job more than his beginning; and he had fourteen thousand sheep, six thousand Camels, a thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand she-asses. He had also seven sons and three daughters. And he called the name of the first Jemimah; and the name of the second Keziah; and the name of the third Kerenhappuch. And in all the land there were no women so fair as Job's daughters; and their father gave them inheritance among their brothers.

And after this Job lived a hundred and forty years, and saw his sons, and his sons' sons, four generations. And Job died, an old man, and full of days." (Job 42:1-17 RSV)

Psalm Chapter 1

A psaltery was a stringed musical instrument, a variety of harp or lyre, with ten strings. In English-language translations of the Scriptures, the "Psalms" take their name from psaltery. The actual Hebrew word of the Scriptures, translated as Psalms, is (pronounced) miz-more and means music, or a poem set to music, while the actual Hebrew word of the Psalms, translated as psaltery, is (pronounced) nay-bel and means a bottle, or pitcher - apparently the ancient psaltery was at least in part so-shaped. In the Book of Daniel, the Chaldean word translated as psaltery is actually a transliteration (writing a word in one language the way it sounds in another language) of the Greek word for psaltery. The Greek word psalmoi means playing of harp strings.

Psaltery The Psalms are poetic and musical, but far more. They provide much insight into Bible History, Christian Living and even Prophecy e.g. see Christ In The Psalms.

"Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in the way of sinners, nor sits in the seat of scoffers; but his delight is in the Law of The Lord, and on His Law [see Christian Living] he meditates day and night. He is like a tree planted by streams of water, that yields its fruit in its season, and its leaf does not wither. In all that he does, he prospers.

The wicked are not so, but are like chaff [see Baptism Of Fire] which the wind drives away [see also Gone With The Wind]. Therefore the wicked will not stand in the judgment [see When Will You Be Judged?], nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous; for The Lord knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish." (Psalm 1:1-6 RSV)

Fact Finder: Did "dragons" really exist? Does a "dragon" still exist?
See Dragons

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