Psalm Chapter 31
King David frequently referred to "Sheol" in his Psalms, not merely because he had put many men into their grave (see Sheol and Hades) in battle, but also because he knew that all humans are destined to die, from which a resurrection is coming (see Resurrections; also Could Christ Return Tonight?). For that reason, David's "Into Thy hand I commit my spirit" (Psalm 31:5) was quoted by Jesus Christ as He was about to die: "Then Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, "Father, into Thy hands I commit My spirit!" [see the Fact Finder question below] And having said this He breathed [again, see the Fact Finder question below] His last" (Luke 23:46 RSV)
"To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.
In Thee, O Lord, do I seek refuge [see also Sanctuary]; let me never be put to shame; in Thy righteousness deliver me! Incline Thy ear to me, rescue me speedily! Be Thou a rock of refuge for me, a strong fortress to save me! Yea, Thou art my rock and my fortress; for Thy name's sake lead me and guide me, take me out of the net which is hidden for me, for Thou art my refuge. Into Thy hand I commit my spirit; Thou hast redeemed me, O Lord, faithful God.
Thou hatest those who pay regard to vain idols; but I Trust in The Lord [see also The Trysting Tent]. I will rejoice and be glad for Thy steadfast love, because Thou hast seen my affliction, Thou hast taken heed of my adversities, and hast not delivered me into the hand of the enemy; Thou hast set my feet in a broad place.
Be gracious to me, O Lord, for I am in distress; my eye is wasted from grief, my soul and my body also. For my life is spent with sorrow, and my years with sighing; my strength fails because of my misery, and my bones waste away. I am the scorn of all my adversaries, a horror to my neighbors, an object of dread to my acquaintances; those who see me in the street flee from me. I have passed out of mind like one who is dead [see What Happens When You Die?]; I have become like a broken vessel [see Vessels]. Yea, I hear the whispering of many - terror on every side! - as they scheme together against me, as they plot to take my life.
But I trust in thee, O Lord, I say, "Thou art my God." My times are in Thy hand; deliver me from the hand of my enemies and persecutors! Let Thy face shine on Thy servant; save me in Thy steadfast love! Let me not be put to shame, O Lord, for I call on Thee; let the wicked be put to shame, let them go dumbfounded to Sheol. Let the lying lips be dumb, which speak insolently against the righteous in pride [see The Two Kinds Of Pride] and contempt.
O how abundant is Thy goodness, which Thou hast laid up for those who fear thee, and wrought for those who take refuge in thee, in the sight of the sons of men! In the covert of Thy presence Thou hidest them from the plots of men; Thou holdest them safe under Thy shelter from the strife of tongues [see also Speaking In Tongues].
Blessed be The Lord, for He has wondrously shown His steadfast love to me when I was beset as in a besieged city. I had said in my alarm, "I am driven far from Thy sight." But Thou didst hear my supplications, when I cried to thee for help. Love The Lord, all you His saints! [see What Is A Saint?] The Lord preserves the faithful, but abundantly requites him who acts haughtily. Be strong, and let your heart take courage, all you who wait for The Lord!" (Psalm 31:1-24 RSV)
Psalm Chapter 32
David's "Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered" speaks directly about the "covering" sacrifice of Christ (see Christ's Mercy Seat) for those who repent. Christ died for repentant ("I acknowledged my sin to thee, and I did not hide my iniquity; I said, "I will confess my transgressions to The Lord"; then Thou didst forgive the guilt of my sin," see quote below) sinners; unrepentant ("When I declared not my sin, my body wasted away through my groaning all day long. For day and night Thy hand was heavy upon me; my strength was dried up as by the heat of summer," see quote below) sinners are going to be cast into the lake of fire (see They Shall Be Ashes).
"A Psalm of David. A Maskil.
Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. Blessed is the man to whom The Lord imputes no iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no deceit.
When I declared not my sin, my body wasted away through my groaning all day long. For day and night Thy hand was heavy upon me; my strength was dried up as by the heat of summer. [Selah]
I acknowledged my sin to Thee, and I did not hide my iniquity; I said, "I will confess my transgressions to The Lord"; then Thou didst forgive the guilt of my sin. [Selah]
Therefore let every one who is godly offer prayer to thee; at a time of distress, in the rush of great waters, they shall not reach him. Thou art a hiding place for me, Thou preservest me from trouble; Thou dost encompass me with Deliverance. [Selah]
I will instruct you and teach you the way you should go; I will counsel you with my eye upon you. Be not like a horse or a mule, without understanding, which must be curbed with bit and bridle, else it will not keep with you. Many are the pangs of the wicked; but steadfast love surrounds him who trusts in The Lord. Be glad in The Lord, and rejoice, O righteous, and shout for joy, all you upright in heart!" (Psalm 32:1-11 RSV)
Psalm Chapter 33
The Psalms (see The Harp String Verses to understand the meaning of "psalm") are musical compositions of prayer and prophecy, something well-known to The Host Of Heaven as well e.g. "And when He [see The Ancient of Days] had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each holding a harp, and with golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints; and they sang a new song, saying, "Worthy art Thou to take the scroll and to open its seals [see The Seven Seals], for Thou wast slain and by Thy blood [see Why Blood?] didst Ransom men for God from every tribe and tongue and people and nation, and hast made them a kingdom and priests to our God, and they shall reign on earth." (Revelation 5:8-10 RSV).
"Rejoice in The Lord, O you righteous! Praise befits the upright. [see The Lord's Plumb Line] Praise The Lord with the lyre, make melody to him with the harp of ten strings! Sing to him a new song, play skilfully on the strings, with loud shouts. For the word of The Lord is upright; and all his work is done in faithfulness. He loves righteousness and justice; the earth is full of the steadfast love of The Lord.
By the word of The Lord the heavens were made [see Christ The Creator], and all their host by the breath [see The Spirit Of God] of His mouth. He gathered the waters of the sea as in a bottle; He put the deeps in storehouses. Let all the earth fear The Lord, let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of Him! For He spoke, and it came to be; He commanded, and it stood forth. The Lord brings the counsel of the nations to nought; He frustrates the plans of the peoples. The counsel of The Lord stands for ever, the thoughts of His heart to all generations.
Blessed is the nation whose God is The Lord, the people whom He has chosen as His heritage! The Lord looks down from heaven, He sees all the sons of men; from where He sits enthroned He looks forth on all the inhabitants of the earth, He who fashions the hearts of them all, and observes all their deeds. A king is not saved by his great army [see High Places of The Mind]; a warrior is not delivered by his great strength. The war horse is a vain hope for victory, and by its great might it cannot save. Behold, the eye of The Lord is on those who fear Him, on those who hope in His steadfast love, that He may deliver their soul from death, and keep them alive in famine.
Our soul waits for The Lord; He is our help and shield. Yea, our heart is glad in Him, because we trust in His Holy Name. Let Thy steadfast love, O Lord, be upon us, even as we hope in Thee." (Psalm 33:1-22 RSV)
Fact Finder: What happens at the moment of physical death?
See Giving Up The Ghost