Psalm Chapter 57
The Psalms are filled with principles of Christian Living, Prophecy (see also Christ In The Psalms) and numerous segments of Bible History, including this Psalm about the time of The Civil War when David's "palace" was a cave i.e. "David departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam; and when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down there to him. And every one who was in distress, and every one who was in debt, and every one who was discontented, gathered to him; and he became captain over them. And there were with him about four hundred men." (1 Samuel 22:1-2 RSV).
"To the choirmaster: according to Do Not Destroy. A Miktam of David, when he fled from Saul, in the cave.
Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me, for in Thee my soul [see Where Is Your Soul?] takes refuge [see Where Is Your Place Of Safety?]; in the shadow of Thy wings I will take refuge, till the storms of destruction pass by. I cry to God Most High, to God who fulfils His purpose for me. He will send from heaven and save me, He will put to shame those who trample upon me. [Selah]
God will send forth His steadfast love and His faithfulness! [see Faith and Works]
I lie in the midst of lions that greedily devour the sons of men; their teeth are spears and arrows, their tongues sharp swords. Be exalted, O God, above the heavens! [see How High Is Heaven?] Let Thy glory be over all the earth!
They set a net for my steps; my soul was bowed down. They dug a pit [see Sheol and Hades] in my way, but they have fallen into it themselves. [Selah]
My heart is steadfast, O God, my heart is steadfast! [see A Pure Heart] I will sing and make melody! Awake, my soul! Awake, O harp and Lyre! I will awake the dawn!
I will give thanks to Thee, O Lord, among the peoples; I will sing praises to Thee among the nations. [see The House Of Prayer Of All Nations] For Thy steadfast love is great to the heavens, Thy faithfulness to the clouds. Be exalted, O God, above the heavens! Let Thy glory be over all the earth!" (Psalm 57:1-11 RSV)
Psalm Chapter 58
While The Lord still permits evil in the world, for a purpose (see Why Does God Allow Evil?), there is also a judgment day coming when all will be dealt with in justice (see Baptism Of Fire and When Will You Be Judged?).
"To the choirmaster: according to Do Not Destroy. A Miktam of David.
Do you indeed decree what is right, you gods? Do you judge the sons of men uprightly? [see The Lord's Plumb Line] Nay, in your hearts you devise wrongs; your hands deal out violence on earth. The wicked go astray from the womb, they err from their birth, speaking lies. They have venom like the venom of a serpent [see also Dragons], like the deaf adder that stops its ear, so that it does not hear the voice of charmers or of the cunning enchanter.
O God, break the teeth in their mouths; tear out the fangs of the young lions, O Lord! [see YHVH, Adonai, Jehovah, LORD] Let them vanish like water that runs away; like grass let them be trodden down and wither. Let them be like the snail which dissolves into slime, like the untimely birth that never sees the sun.
Sooner than your pots can feel the heat of Thorns, whether green or ablaze, may He sweep them away! [again, see Baptism Of Fire] The righteous will rejoice when he sees the vengeance; he will bathe his feet in the blood of the wicked. Men will say, "Surely there is a reward for the righteous; surely there is a God who judges on earth." (Psalm 58:1-11 RSV)
Psalm Chapter 59
David was always wary of Ambush because he knew that evil never strikes in the light, only against the light.
"To the choirmaster: according to Do Not Destroy. A Miktam of David, when Saul sent men to watch his house in order to kill him.
Deliver me from my enemies, O my God, protect me from those who rise up against me, deliver me from those who work evil, and save me from bloodthirsty men.
For, lo, they lie in wait for my life; fierce men band themselves against me. For no transgression or sin of mine [see Trespass], O Lord, for no fault of mine, they run and make ready. Rouse Thyself, come to my help, and see! Thou, Lord God of hosts, art God of Israel. Awake to punish all the nations; spare none of those who treacherously plot evil. [Selah]
Each evening they come back, howling like dogs and prowling about the city. There they are, bellowing with their mouths, and snarling with their lips - for "Who," they think, "will hear us?" But Thou, O Lord, dost laugh at them; Thou dost hold all the nations in derision. O my Strength, I will sing praises to Thee; for Thou, O God, art my fortress [see also Fortress of Zion].
My God in His steadfast love will meet me; my God will let me look in triumph on my enemies. Slay them not, lest my people forget; make them totter by Thy power, and bring them down, O Lord, our shield! For the sin of their mouths, the words of their lips, let them be trapped in their pride [see The Two Kinds Of Pride]. For the cursing and lies which they utter, consume them in wrath, consume them till they are no more, that men may know that God rules over Jacob to the ends of the earth. [Selah]
Each evening they come back, howling like dogs and prowling about the city. They roam about for food, and growl if they do not get their fill. But I will sing of Thy might; I will sing aloud of Thy steadfast love in the morning. For Thou hast been to me a fortress and a refuge in the day of my distress. O my Strength, I will sing praises to Thee, for Thou, O God, art my fortress, the God who shows me steadfast love." (Psalm 59:1-17 RSV)
Fact Finder: Even though Saul repeatedly attempted to murder David, David steadfastly refused to take Saul's life, even in self defense. Why?
See notes for 1 Samuel 24