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Psalm 86-90

Supplemental notes for the Daily Bible Study Bible Reading Plan

by Wayne Blank

Psalm Chapter 86

David's "all the nations Thou hast made shall come and bow down before Thee, O Lord" is a Prophecy of what is surely going to happen when Christ returns. As a man of war, King David looked forward to a world of peace. Other Prophets described it plainly as well e.g. "It shall come to pass in the latter days that the mountain of the house of The Lord shall be established as the highest of the mountains, and shall be raised up above the hills; and peoples shall flow to it, and many nations shall come, and say: "Come, let us go up to the mountain of The Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; that He may teach us His ways and we may walk in His paths." For out of Zion shall go forth the Law, and the word of The Lord from Jerusalem. He shall judge between many peoples, and shall decide for strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more." (Micah 4:1-3 RSV).


"A Prayer of David.

Incline Thy ear, O Lord, and answer me, for I am poor and needy. Preserve my life, for I am godly; save Thy servant who trusts in Thee. Thou art my God; be gracious to me, O Lord, for to Thee do I cry all the day. Gladden the soul [see Where Is Your Soul?] of Thy servant, for to Thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul.

For Thou, O Lord, art good and forgiving, abounding in steadfast love to all who call on Thee. Give ear, O Lord, to my prayer; hearken to my cry of supplication. In the day of my trouble [see Trials and Tribulations] I call on Thee, for Thou dost answer me.

There is none like Thee among the gods [see Thou shalt have no other gods before Me], O Lord, nor are there any works like Thine. All the nations Thou hast made shall come and bow down before Thee, O Lord, and shall glorify Thy Name. For Thou art great and doest wondrous things, Thou alone art God.

Teach me Thy way, O Lord, that I may walk in Thy truth; unite my heart to fear Thy name. I give thanks to Thee, O Lord my God, with my whole heart, and I will glorify Thy name for ever. For great is Thy steadfast love toward me; Thou hast delivered my soul from the depths of Sheol [see Sheol and Hades].

O God, insolent men have risen up against me; a band of ruthless men seek my life, and they do not set Thee before them. But Thou, O Lord, art a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness. Turn to me and take pity on me; give Thy strength to Thy servant [see also Minister], and save the son of Thy handmaid. Show me a sign of Thy favor, that those who hate me may see and be put to shame because Thou, Lord, hast helped me and comforted me." (Psalm 86:1-17 RSV)

Psalm Chapter 87

Zionism has always been about those who actually obey The Lord, not those who obey themselves in The Lord's Name.

The Tower of David

"A Psalm of the Sons of Korah. A Song.

On the holy mount stands the city He founded; The Lord loves the gates [see Physical and Spiritual Gates; also Through The Gates Of Hell] of Zion more than all the dwelling places of Jacob. Glorious things are spoken of you, O city of God. [Selah]

Among those who know me I mention Rahab and Babylon; behold, Philistia and Tyre, with Ethiopia - "This one was born there," they say.

And of Zion it shall be said, "This one and that one were born in her" [see Daughter of Zion]; for the Most High himself will establish her. The Lord records as He registers the peoples, "This one was born there." [Selah]

Singers and dancers alike say, "All my springs are in you." (Psalm 87:1-7 RSV)

Psalm Chapter 88

The answer to "Dost Thou work wonders for the dead?" in this Psalm is yes, God is going to do wonders for the dead. See The Quick and The Dead.

Awaiting Resurrection

"A Song. A Psalm of the Sons of Korah. To the choirmaster: according to Mahalath Leannoth. A Maskil of Heman the Ezrahite.

O Lord, my God, I call for help by day; I cry out in the night before Thee. Let my prayer come before Thee, incline Thy ear to my cry! For my soul is full of troubles, and my life draws near to Sheol. I am reckoned among those who go down to the Pit; I am a man who has no strength, like one forsaken among the dead [see What Happens When You Die?], like the slain that lie in the grave, like those whom Thou dost remember no more, for they are cut off from Thy hand.

Thou hast put me in the depths of the Pit, in the regions dark and deep [see also Dividing Light From Darkness]. Thy wrath lies heavy upon me, and Thou dost overwhelm me with all Thy waves. [Selah]

Thou hast caused my companions to shun me; Thou hast made me a thing of horror to them. I am shut in so that I cannot escape; my eye grows dim through sorrow. Every day I call upon Thee, O Lord; I spread out my hands to Thee. Dost Thou work wonders for the dead? Do the shades rise up to praise Thee? [Selah]

Is Thy steadfast love declared in the grave, or Thy faithfulness in Abaddon? Are Thy wonders known in the darkness, or Thy saving help in the land of forgetfulness?

But I, O Lord, cry to Thee; in the morning my prayer [see The House Of Prayer Of All Nations] comes before Thee. O Lord, why dost Thou cast me off? Why dost Thou hide Thy face from me? Afflicted and close to death from my youth up, I suffer Thy terrors; I am helpless. Thy wrath has swept over me; Thy dread assaults destroy me. They surround me like a flood all day long; they close in upon me together. Thou hast caused lover and friend to shun me; my companions are in darkness." (Psalm 88:1-18 RSV)

Psalm Chapter 89

Ethan the Ezrahite, the author of this Messianic Psalm (see also Christ In The Psalms), was a Levite (see Levites), a man so noted for his great wisdom that Solomon's wisdom was measured by Ethan's i.e. "Solomon's wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the people of the east, and all the wisdom of Egypt. For he was wiser than all other men, wiser than Ethan the Ezrahite." (1 Kings 4:30-31 RSV).

King David leading The Ark

"A Maskil of Ethan the Ezrahite. I will sing of Thy steadfast love, O Lord, for ever; with my mouth I will proclaim Thy faithfulness to all generations [see Timeless]. For Thy steadfast love was established for ever, Thy faithfulness is firm as the heavens [see Heavens Below, Heavens Above].

Thou hast said, "I have made a covenant with my chosen one, I have sworn to David [see The United Kingdom] My servant: 'I will establish your descendants for ever, and build your throne for all generations.'" [Selah]

Let the heavens praise Thy wonders, O Lord, Thy faithfulness in the assembly of the holy ones! For who in the skies can be compared to The Lord? Who among the heavenly beings is like The Lord, a God feared in the council of the holy ones, great and terrible above all that are round about Him? [see The Ancient of Days] O Lord God of hosts, who is mighty as Thou art, O Lord, with Thy faithfulness round about Thee?

Thou dost rule the raging of the sea; when its waves rise, Thou stillest them. Thou didst crush Rahab like a carcass, Thou didst scatter Thy enemies with Thy mighty arm. The heavens are Thine, the earth also is Thine; the world and all that is in it, Thou hast founded them [see Christ The Creator]. The north and the south, Thou hast created them; Tabor and Hermon joyously praise Thy Name. Thou hast a mighty arm; strong is Thy hand, high Thy right hand. Righteousness and justice are the foundation of Thy throne [see The Throne Of God, From Heaven To Earth]; steadfast love and faithfulness go before Thee. Blessed are the people who know the festal shout, who walk, O Lord, in the light of Thy countenance, who exult in Thy Name all the day, and extol Thy righteousness. For Thou art the glory of their strength; by Thy favor our horn is exalted. For our shield belongs to The Lord, our king to the Holy One of Israel.

Of old Thou didst speak in a vision [see Visions and Dreams] to Thy faithful one, and say: "I have set the crown upon one who is mighty, I have exalted one chosen from the people. I have found David, My servant; with My holy oil I have anointed him [see also The Anointed One]; so that My hand shall ever abide with him, My arm also shall strengthen him. The enemy shall not outwit him, the wicked shall not humble him. I will crush his foes before him and strike down those who hate him. My faithfulness and My steadfast love shall be with him, and in My Name shall his horn be exalted [see Israelite Monarchy - The Messiah]. I will set his hand on the sea and his right hand on the rivers. He shall cry to me, 'Thou art My Father, my God, and the Rock of my salvation.' And I will make him the first-born [see the Fact Finder question below], the highest of the kings of the earth [see The King Of The King Of Kings]. My steadfast love I will keep for him for ever, and My covenant [see Covenant and Testament] will stand firm for him. I will establish his line for ever and his throne as the days of the heavens.

If his children forsake My law and do not walk according to My ordinances, if they violate My statutes and do not keep My Commandments [see The Process Of Conversion], then I will punish their transgression with the rod and their iniquity with scourges; but I will not remove from him My steadfast love, or be false to My faithfulness. I will not violate My covenant, or alter the word that went forth from My lips. Once for all I have sworn by My holiness; I will not lie to David. His line shall endure for ever, his throne as long as the sun before Me. Like the moon it shall be established for ever; it shall stand firm while the skies endure." [Selah]

But now Thou hast cast off and rejected, Thou art full of wrath against Thy anointed. Thou hast renounced the covenant with Thy servant [see Why A New Covenant?]; Thou hast defiled his crown in the dust. Thou hast breached all his walls; Thou hast laid his strongholds in ruins. All that pass by despoil him; he has become the scorn of his neighbors. Thou hast exalted the right hand of his foes; Thou hast made all his enemies rejoice. Yea, Thou hast turned back the edge of his sword, and Thou hast not made him stand in battle. Thou hast removed the scepter from his hand, and cast his throne to the ground. Thou hast cut short the days of his youth; Thou hast covered him with shame. [Selah]

How long, O Lord? Wilt Thou hide thyself for ever? How long will Thy wrath burn like fire? [see Baptism Of Fire] Remember, O Lord, what the measure of life is, for what vanity Thou hast created all the sons of men! What man can live and never see death? Who can deliver his soul from the power of Sheol? [Selah]

Lord, where is Thy steadfast love of old, which by Thy faithfulness Thou didst swear to David? Remember, O Lord, how Thy servant is scorned; how I bear in my bosom the insults of the peoples, with which Thy enemies taunt [see also Adversary], O Lord, with which they mock the footsteps of Thy anointed. Blessed be The Lord for ever! Amen and Amen." (Psalm 89:1-52 RSV)

Psalm Chapter 90

This Psalm, a "Prayer of Moses, the man of God" (see The Trysting Tent) attests to how God is Eternal (see How Old Is God?).


"A Prayer of Moses, the man of God.

Lord, Thou hast been our dwelling place [see also Sanctuary] in all generations. Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever Thou hadst formed the earth and the world [see also The Lord's Plumb Line], from everlasting to everlasting Thou art God.

Thou turnest man back to the dust [see Ashes To Ashes, Dust To Dust; also Giving Up The Ghost], and sayest, "Turn back, O children of men!" For a thousand years in Thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, or as a watch in the night. Thou dost sweep men away; they are like a dream, like grass which is renewed in the morning: in the morning it flourishes and is renewed; in the evening it fades and withers.

For we are consumed by Thy anger; by Thy wrath we are overwhelmed. Thou hast set our iniquities before Thee, our secret sins in the light of Thy countenance [see Glass Houses]. For all our days pass away under Thy wrath, our years come to an end like a sigh. The years of our life are threescore and ten, or even by reason of strength fourscore; yet their span is but toil and trouble; they are soon gone, and we fly away.

Who considers the power of Thy anger, and Thy wrath according to the fear of Thee? So teach us to number our days that we may get a heart of wisdom [see A Pure Heart]. Return, O Lord! How long? Have pity on Thy servants! Satisfy us in the morning with Thy steadfast love, that we may rejoice and be glad all our days. Make us glad as many days as Thou hast afflicted us, and as many years as we have seen evil [see Evil Means Fool]. Let Thy work be manifest to Thy servants, and Thy glorious power to their children. Let the favor of the Lord our God be upon us, and establish Thou the work of our hands upon us, yea, the work of our hands establish Thou it." (Psalm 90:1-17 RSV)

Fact Finder: How is Jesus Christ the "firstborn"?
See The Firstborn of Salvation

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