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Mark 12-14

Supplemental notes for the Daily Bible Study Bible Reading Plan

by Wayne Blank

Mark Chapter 12

"12:10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner" (Mark 12:10 KJV) applies not only to the people of Judah who rejected the Messiah when He came in that time. It applies more to the "churches" that have since claimed to be Christian, while ignoring the Words of the Christ, which begin at Genesis, not Matthew (see Christ The Creator and The 'God Of The Old Testament'; also Why Did Christ Put Moses To Death?) i.e. many Christian-professing preachers, some of which even have university degrees in man's "theology" (see Doctorates Of Error; also What Rises To The Top?) have never even read the entire Holy Bible, the Word of God, while professing to be teachers of it. If they don't know what Christ said, having never even bothered to read it, how can they be true servants of The Lord? Answer - they can't. They are teaching merely the doctrines of men (see I Did It My Way).

The parable of the vineyard speaks clearly of how the Owner's vineyard, that was planted to produce Good Fruit, has been, for the most part, misappropriated by man-made doctrines and traditions. It was to those Christian-professing people that Christ also spoke of with "7:21 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.7:22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? 7:23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity. 7:24 Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock" (Matthew 7:21-24).

The Vineyard

"12:1 And he began to speak unto them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge [see Hedges] about it, and digged a place for the winefat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country. 12:2 And at the season he sent to the husbandmen [see Husbandman] a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard.12:3 And they caught him, and beat him, and sent him away empty.12:4 And again he sent unto them another servant; and at him they cast stones [see Stoning], and wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully handled.12:5 And again he sent another; and him they killed, and many others; beating some, and killing some.

12:6 Having yet therefore one son, his wellbeloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, They will reverence my son.

12:7 But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be ours. 12:8 And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.

12:9 What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others. 12:10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner: 12:11 This was the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?

12:12 And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and went their way." (Mark 12:1-12 KJV)

The illustration shows two different denarius ("penny" in the King James) coins with both of the Roman emperors who reigned during the time of Jesus, Caesar Augustus and Tiberius Caesar (see also New Testament Roman Emperors). A coin identical to one or the other of those was the subject of Jesus' well-known "Give to Caesar what is Caesar's, and to God what is God's":

Roman Coins

"12:13 And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in his words. 12:14 And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not? 12:15 Shall we give, or shall we not give?

But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny [see The Denarius] , that I may see it. 12:16 And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription?

And they said unto him, Caesar's.

12:17 And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's.

And they marvelled at him." (Mark 12:13-17 KJV)

At the resurrection to spirit (see Resurrections), when humans will truly be "born again" (see Born Again, How and When?), all of God's children (see Children Of God) will have the same Father. There will be no marriage in The Kingdom of God because everyone will be a brother or sister to everyone else. The same principle provides also that, for example, in the Kingdom of God, a widow who remarried during her physical life will not have two husbands there (think of the problems that could cause), but two brothers. "12:25 For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage" (Mark 12:25 KJV).

"12:18 Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying, 12:19 Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man's brother die, and leave his wife behind him, and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. 12:20 Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed. 12:21 And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed: and the third likewise. 12:22 And the seven had her, and left no seed: last of all the woman died also. 12:23 In the resurrection therefore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her to wife.

12:24 And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God? 12:25 For when they shall rise from the dead [see What Happens When You Die?], they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven. 12:26 And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? 12:27 He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err." (Mark 12:18-27 KJV)

Jesus Christ summarized The Ten Commandments with "love the Lord thy God with all thy heart" (i.e. Thou shalt have no other gods before Me, Thou shalt not make any graven image, Thou shalt not take The Lord's Name in vain and Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it Holy) and "love thy neighbour as thyself" (i.e. Honour thy father and thy mother, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness and Thou shalt not covet).

The Ten Commandments

"12:28 And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all?

12:29 And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: 12:30 And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart [see also A Pure Heart], and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment. 12:31 And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.

12:32 And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he: 12:33 And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul [see Where Is Your Soul?], and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.

12:34 And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him any question." (Mark 12:28-34 KJV)

The Christ was The Root and The Offspring of King David (see also Israelite Monarchy - The Origin, The Civil War and The United Kingdom).

"12:35 And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple [see Temples], How say the scribes that Christ is the son of David? 12:36 For David himself said by The Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.

12:37 David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son?

And the common people heard him gladly.

12:38 And he said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the marketplaces, 12:39 And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts: 12:40 Which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater Damnation." (Mark 12:35-40 KJV)

The widow's offering was an example of faith that The Lord will never fail to do what He said He would do i.e. "3:10 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it" (Malachi 3:10 KJV).

"12:41 And Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld how the people cast money into the treasury: and many that were rich cast in much. 12:42 And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing.

12:43 And he called unto him his disciples, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury: 12:44 For all they did cast in of their abundance; but she of her want did cast in all that she had, even all her living." (Mark 12:41-44 KJV)

Mark Chapter 13

Mark chapter 13 is a detailed prophecy of the time just prior to Christ's return. Matthew (chapter 24) and Luke (chapter 21) also recorded what Christ said in these ominous, and encouraging, prophecies.

The Mount of Olives

"13:1 And as he went out of the temple, one of his disciples saith unto him, Master, see what manner of stones and what buildings are here!

13:2 And Jesus answering said unto him, Seest thou these great buildings? there shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down [see Fall of Jerusalem In 70 A.D. and Pella].

13:3 And as he sat upon The Mount Of Olives [shown in the photo] over against the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately, 13:4 Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign when all these things shall be fulfilled?

13:5 And Jesus answering them began to say, Take heed lest any man deceive you: 13:6 For many shall come in my name [see Many Antichrists?], saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many. 13:7 And when ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars, be ye not troubled: for such things must needs be; but the end shall not be yet. 13:8 For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be earthquakes in divers places, and there shall be famines and troubles: these are the beginnings of sorrows [see Travail and The Beginning Of The Birth Pangs].

13:9 But take heed to yourselves: for they shall deliver you up to councils; and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten: and ye shall be brought before rulers and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them. 13:10 And the gospel [i.e. The Gospel of The Kingdom of God] must first be published among all nations. 13:11 But when they shall lead you, and deliver you up, take no thought beforehand what ye shall speak, neither do ye premeditate: but whatsoever shall be given you in that hour, that speak ye: for it is not ye that speak, but the Holy Ghost.

13:12 Now the brother shall betray the brother to death, and the father the son; and children shall rise up against their parents, and shall cause them to be put to death [see Martyrs]. 13:13 And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.

13:14 But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, let him that readeth understand, then let them that be in Judaea [see Abomination of Desolation - Where?] flee to the mountains: 13:15 And let him that is on the housetop not go down into the house, neither enter therein, to take any thing out of his house: 13:16 And let him that is in the field not turn back again for to take up his garment. 13:17 But woe to them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days! 13:18 And pray ye that your flight be not in the winter. 13:19 For in those days shall be affliction, such as was not from the beginning of the creation which God created unto this time, neither shall be. 13:20 And except that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should be saved: but for the elect's [see The Elect] sake, whom he hath chosen, he hath shortened the days. 13:21 And then if any man shall say to you, Lo, here is Christ; or, lo, he is there; believe him not: 13:22 For False Christs and False Prophets shall rise, and shall show signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect. 13:23 But take ye heed: behold, I have foretold you all things.

13:24 But in those days, after that tribulation [see The Great Tribulation], the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, 13:25 And the stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken.

13:26 And then shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds [see Behold, He Cometh With Clouds] with great power and glory [see The Coming World Dictator]. 13:27 And then shall he send his angels, and shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven [see To Meet The Lord In The Air].

13:28 Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When her branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is near: 13:29 So ye in like manner, when ye shall see these things come to pass [see Prophecy], know that it is nigh, even at the doors. 13:30 Verily I say unto you, that this generation shall not pass, till all these things be done. 13:31 Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away." (Mark 13:1-31 KJV)

Many through the centuries have chosen to ignore Christ's plain statement that only God knows when Christ will be told to leave His side (see What Is Jesus Christ Doing Right Now?; also The Ancient of Days) and return. Although Christ's return will seem like "now" to almost everyone (see Could Christ Return Tonight?), all that we can know for sure, based upon what was written in the Word of God, is when Christ's return is 42 months / 3 ½ years away (see When The Final Countdown Will Begin).

"13:32 But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven [see also The Host Of Heaven], neither the Son, but the Father. 13:33 Take ye heed, watch and pray: for ye know not when the time is. 13:34 For the Son of man is as a man taking a far journey, who left his house, and gave authority to his servants, and to every man his work, and commanded the porter to watch.

13:35 Watch ye therefore: for ye know not when the master of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or at the cockcrowing, or in the morning: 13:36 Lest coming suddenly he find you sleeping. 13:37 And what I say unto you I say unto all, Watch." (Mark 13:32-37 KJV)

Mark Chapter 14

Jesus' anointing at Bethany showed that the woman who did it (see Martha and Mary) understood more clearly what was about to happen to the Christ than those who criticized her for "wasting" the ointment (see When Their Eyes Were Opened).

Perfume

"14:1 After two days was the feast of the passover [see Christ's Passover], and of unleavened bread [see Christ's Feast of Unleavened Bread]: and the chief priests and the scribes [see The Sanhedrin] sought how they might take him by craft, and put him to death. 14:2 But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar of the people.

14:3 And being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an Alabaster box of Ointment of Spikenard very precious; and she brake the box, and poured it on his head.

14:4 And there were some that had indignation within themselves, and said, Why was this waste of the ointment made? 14:5 For it might have been sold for more than three hundred pence, and have been given to the poor. And they murmured against her.

14:6 And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me. 14:7 For ye have the poor with you always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good: but me ye have not always. 14:8 She hath done what she could: she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying. 14:9 Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world, this also that she hath done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her [see A Prophecy To You].

14:10 And Judas Iscariot [see Was Judas Necessary?], one of the twelve, went unto the chief priests, to betray him unto them. 14:11 And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him." (Mark 14:1-11 KJV)

The Passover lamb was to be killed on Nisan 14; Bible days begin and end at sunset - therefore, Christ's "Last Supper" was held just after sunset on Nisan 14. He was crucified the next afternoon, which was still Nisan 14, at the same time that the Passover lambs were being killed. Christ was placed in the tomb just before sunset, at the end of Nisan 14. The First Day of Unleavened Bread then began at sunset, Nisan 15 [to understand the dates and timing, listen to Sermon 0054: Christ's Passover, Sermon 0110: How To Observe Passover and Sermon 0111: First Day of Passover / Unleavened Bread from our Sermons Page].

"14:12 And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover [i.e. Nisan 14, the preparation day for the First Day of Unleavened Bread on Nisan 15], his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover?

14:13 And he sendeth forth two of his disciples, and saith unto them, Go ye into the city, and there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water: follow him. 14:14 And wheresoever he shall go in, say ye to the goodman of the house, The Master saith, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?14:15 And he will show you a large upper room furnished and prepared: there make ready for us.

14:16 And his disciples went forth, and came into the city, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

14:17 And in the evening [i.e. after sunset on Nisan 14] he cometh with the twelve. 14:18 And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you which eateth with me shall betray me.

14:19 And they began to be sorrowful, and to say unto him one by one, Is it I? and another said, Is it I?

14:20 And he answered and said unto them, It is one of the twelve, that dippeth with me in the dish. 14:21 The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is written of him: but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! good were it for that man if he had never been born.

14:22 And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body.

14:23 And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them: and they all drank of it.

14:24 And he said unto them, This is my blood of the new testament [see Why A New Covenant?], which is shed for many. 14:25 Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God.

14:26 And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives." (Mark 14:12-26 KJV)

Jesus predicted Peter's denial only after Peter made his proud denial that he would deny Him, and run - as Jesus said that they all would (only the women, and the apostle John, stood their ground like a rock, with the Rock, as He was crucified).

"14:27 And Jesus saith unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd [see The Shepherd's Voice], and the sheep shall be scattered. 14:28 But after that I am risen, I will go before you into Galilee.

14:29 But Peter said unto him, Although all shall be offended, yet will not I.

14:30 And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice.

14:31 But he spake the more vehemently, If I should die with thee, I will not deny thee in any wise. Likewise also said they all." (Mark 14:27-31 KJV)

Gethsemane was the name of an olive yard at the foot of the Mount of Olives. There, the mob was allowed to seize the Messiah (see Stand Back Now, Let It Happen).

Mount Of Olives

"14:32 And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray. 14:33 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John [see The Inner Circle], and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; 14:34 And saith unto them, My soul [see Where Is Your Soul?] is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.

14:35 And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. 14:36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt.

14:37 And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? couldest not thou watch one hour? 14:38 Watch ye and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. The spirit truly is ready, but the flesh is weak.

14:39 And again he went away, and prayed, and spake the same words. 14:40 And when he returned, he found them asleep again, for their eyes were heavy, neither wist they what to answer him.

14:41 And he cometh the third time, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: it is enough, the hour is come; behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 14:42 Rise up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand." (Mark 14:32-42 KJV)

"14:44 And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him" (Mark 14:44 KJV) is plain proof that Jesus was so ordinary looking (see What Did Jesus Look Like?; also What Does Jesus Look Like Now?) that He could not be distinguished from Peter, James or John. Judas the betrayer had to actually point Him out.

"14:43 And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and Staves, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.

14:44 And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead him away safely. 14:45 And as soon as he was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, Master, master; and kissed him. 14:46 And they laid their hands on him, and took him. 14:47 And one of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear [i.e. Peter drew his sword, rushed before The Lord, and started swinging with lethal intent - see Malchus].

14:48 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and with staves to take me? 14:49 I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not: but the scriptures must be fulfilled. 14:50 And they all forsook him, and fled.

14:51 And there followed him a certain young man, having a linen cloth cast about his naked body; and the young men laid hold on him: 14:52 And he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked." (Mark 14:43-52 KJV)

The Messiah was then dragged before the Sanhedrin, the religious council of Hypocrites who were given to defend religious truth. Needless to say, they failed to do it. They brought forth liars to defend their "truth," while beating and spitting upon the bound Messiah: "14:65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him" (like all who commit torture, then and ever since, they were a pack of cowardly Satan-minded jackals attacking a helpless, chained prisoner - that was the pathetic limit of their "courage").

Sanhedrin

"14:53 And they led Jesus away to the high priest [see Caiaphas]: and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes. 14:54 And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.

14:55 And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none. 14:56 For many bare false witness against him [see Thou shalt not bear false witness], but their witness agreed not together.

14:57 And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying, 14:58 We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days [see Three Days and Three Nights] I will build another made without hands. 14:59 But neither so did their witness agree together.

14:60 And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee? 14:61 But he held his peace, and answered nothing.

Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? [see Adjuration]

14:62 And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven [see Behold, He Cometh With Clouds].

14:63 Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses? 14:64 Ye have heard the blasphemy: what think ye?

And they all condemned him to be guilty of death. 14:65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands." (Mark 14:53-65 KJV)

Exactly as Christ said would happen, Peter's denial happened just before the sun was rising, "14:72 And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice" (Mark 14:72 KJV).

"14:66 And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest: 14:67 And when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him, and said, And thou also wast with Jesus of Nazareth.

14:68 But he denied, saying, I know not, neither understand I what thou sayest. And he went out into the porch; and the cock crew.

14:69 And a maid saw him again, and began to say to them that stood by, This is one of them. 14:70 And he denied it again.

And a little after, they that stood by said again to Peter, Surely thou art one of them: for thou art a Galilaean, and thy speech agreeth thereto.

14:71 But he began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak.

14:72 And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept." (Mark 14:66-72 KJV)

Fact Finder: Is what happened to the Christ plainly described in the "Old" Testament? For example, can much of what we have read in the chapters above be found in the Psalms alone?
See The Messianic Psalms


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