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Luke 16-18

Supplemental notes for the Daily Bible Study Bible Reading Plan

by Wayne Blank

Luke Chapter 16

The parable of the shrewd manager was about salvaging ("salvation" is from the same root; see also Sealed Unto The Day Of Redemption and Why Does God Allow Evil?) value from what could otherwise be lost. Christ was not commending the conniving methods of the steward; He was saying "16:13 No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon" (Luke 16:13 KJV).

The "children of this world" (i.e. carnal-minded, yet-to-be converted people) are in their generation "wiser" (the original Greek word could more accurately be translated as "worldly" or "predatory") than the "children of the light" (i.e. Christians). While Christians recognize the necessity to work to make a living, they do not put the pursuit of money ahead of their obedience to God (see How To Be A True Christian: Lesson 1, Lesson 2, Lesson 3 and Lesson 4) and their respect and honesty for other people (see How To Be A True Christian: Lesson 5, Lesson 6, Lesson 7, Lesson 8, Lesson 9 and Lesson 10). True Christians do not believe in "anything for a buck" because they know that "you can't take it with you."

Money

"16:1 And he said also unto his disciples, There was a certain rich man, which had a steward; and the same was accused unto him that he had wasted his goods. 16:2 And he called him, and said unto him, How is it that I hear this of thee? give an account of thy stewardship; for thou mayest be no longer steward.

16:3 Then the steward said within himself, What shall I do? for my lord taketh away from me the stewardship: I cannot dig; to beg I am ashamed. 16:4 I am resolved what to do, that, when I am put out of the stewardship, they may receive me into their houses.

16:5 So he called every one of his lord's debtors unto him, and said unto the first, How much owest thou unto my lord?

16:6 And he said, An hundred measures of oil.

And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and sit down quickly, and write fifty.

16:7 Then said he to another, And how much owest thou?

And he said, An hundred measures of wheat.

And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and write fourscore.

16:8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light. 16:9 And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations.

16:10 He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much: and he that is unjust in the least is unjust also in much. 16:11 If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches? 16:12 And if ye have not been faithful in that which is another man's, who shall give you that which is your own?

16:13 No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

16:14 And the Pharisees also, who were covetous, heard all these things: and they derided him. 16:15 And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God." (Luke 16:1-15 KJV)

Some have incorrectly interpreted "16:16 The law and the prophets were until John" (Luke 16:16 KJV) to mean that Jesus "did away with the Law," but Christ came to constitute the Law for all of humanity (see Jot and Tittle) and later to enforce it in all the world (see The Coming World Dictator).

The Ten Commandments

"16:16 The law and the Prophets were until John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man presseth into it. 16:17 And it is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one tittle of the law to fail.

16:18 Whosoever putteth away his wife, and marrieth another, committeth adultery [see Thou shalt not commit adultery to understand the ultimate spiritual purpose and meaning of the Commandment): and whosoever marrieth her that is put away from her husband committeth adultery." (Luke 16:16-18 KJV)

The parable of "Lazarus and the rich man" is about righteousness, not money (see No Class Struggles In Christianity).

"16:19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in Purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day: 16:20 And there was a certain beggar named Lazarus, which was laid at his gate, full of sores, 16:21 And desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's table: moreover the dogs came and licked his sores.

16:22 And it came to pass, that the beggar died [see What Happens When You Die?], and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried; 16:23 And in hell [see Where Is Hell?] he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom. 16:24 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame [see also Baptism Of Fire].

Firebrands 16:25 But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented. 16:26 And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that would come from thence.

16:27 Then he said, I pray thee therefore, father, that thou wouldest send him to my father's house: 16:28 For I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

16:29 Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.

16:30 And he said, Nay, father Abraham: but if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent.

16:31 And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead." (Luke 16:19-31 KJV)

Luke Chapter 17

Christ was not sacrificed for sinners. He was sacrificed for repentant sinners; unrepentant sinners are going to be incinerated (see When Will You Be Judged? and They Shall Be Ashes; also What Happens After Hell Cools?).

Zion

"17:1 Then said he unto the disciples, It is impossible but that offences will come: but woe unto him, through whom they come! 17:2 It were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into the sea, than that he should offend one of these little ones [see also The Spirit of Antichrist and Many Antichrists?]. 17:3 Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him. 17:4 And if he trespass against thee seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him.

17:5 And the apostles said unto the Lord, Increase our faith.

17:6 And the Lord said, If ye had faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye might say unto this sycamine tree, Be thou plucked up by the root, and be thou planted in the sea; and it should obey you.

17:7 But which of you, having a servant plowing or feeding cattle, will say unto him by and by, when he is come from the field, Go and sit down to meat? 17:8 And will not rather say unto him, Make ready wherewith I may sup, and gird thyself, and serve me, till I have eaten and drunken; and afterward thou shalt eat and drink? 17:9 Doth he thank that servant because he did the things that were commanded him? I trow not. 17:10 So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do." (Luke 17:1-10 KJV)

The incident of the ten healed of leprosy illustrated how humans have a tendency to seek The Lord when they have dire need, but ignore Him, and obedience to Him, the rest of the time. True faith is a way of life, every day, all of the time (see The Manifestation Of Faith).

"17:11 And it came to pass, as he went to Jerusalem, that he passed through the midst of Samaria and Galilee. 17:12 And as he entered into a certain village, there met him ten men that were lepers, which stood afar off: 17:13 And they lifted up their voices, and said, Jesus, Master, have mercy on us.

17:14 And when he saw them, he said unto them, Go show yourselves unto the priests. And it came to pass, that, as they went, they were cleansed.

17:15 And one of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned back, and with a loud voice glorified God, 17:16 And fell down on his face at his feet, giving him thanks: and he was a Samaritan [see The Samaritans Of Israel].

17:17 And Jesus answering said, Were there not ten cleansed? but where are the nine? 17:18 There are not found that returned to give glory to God, save this stranger. 17:19 And he said unto him, Arise, go thy way: thy faith hath made thee whole." (Luke 17:11-19 KJV)

The Kingdom of God (see The Gospel of The Kingdom of God) will be established upon Christ's return (see Zionism). At that same time, the first resurrection will occur (see To Meet The Lord In The Air), when the first harvest will be born again (see Born Again, How and When?). Until then, Christians are merely conceived children of God (see Spiritual Conception), by means of the Holy Spirit of The Father, awaiting the birth. That is what Christ was referring to when He said "the kingdom of God is within you."

Many have misunderstood these verses, thinking that it describes a "rapture," but it's actually referring to the resurrection (see the Fact Finder question below).

The Return Of Jesus Christ

"17:20 And when he was demanded of the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God should come, he answered them and said, The kingdom of God cometh not with observation: 17:21 Neither shall they say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you.

17:22 And he said unto the disciples, The days will come, when ye shall desire to see one of the days of the Son of man, and ye shall not see it. 17:23 And they shall say to you, See here; or, see there: go not after them, nor follow them. 17:24 For as the lightning, that lighteneth out of the one part under heaven, shineth unto the other part under heaven; so shall also the Son of man be in his day [see Why Did They Face East?]. 17:25 But first must he suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation [see Why Two Comings Of The Christ?].

17:26 And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. 17:27 They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all [see also Hydrogen].

17:28 Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded; 17:29 But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom [see Sodomites] it rained Fire and Brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all.

17:30 Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed. 17:31 In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back. 17:32 Remember Lot's wife. 17:33 Whosoever shall seek to save his life shall lose it; and whosoever shall lose his life shall preserve it. 17:34 I tell you, in that night there shall be two men in one bed; the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left. 17:35 Two women shall be grinding together; the one shall be taken, and the other left. 17:36 Two men shall be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left.

17:37 And they answered and said unto him, Where, Lord? And he said unto them, Wheresoever the body is, thither will the Eagles be gathered together." (Luke 17:20-37 KJV)

Luke Chapter 18

The parable of the persistent widow was a demonstration that prayer, like Christian Living, requires depth and perseverance.

The Good Shepherd

"18:1 And he spake a parable unto them to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint; 18:2 Saying, There was in a city a judge, which feared not God, neither regarded man: 18:3 And there was a widow in that city; and she came unto him, saying, Avenge me of mine adversary.

18:4 And he would not for a while: but afterward he said within himself, Though I fear not God, nor regard man; 18:5 Yet because this widow troubleth me, I will avenge her, lest by her continual coming she weary me.

18:6 And the Lord said, Hear what the unjust judge saith. 18:7 And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them? 18:8 I tell you that he will avenge them speedily. Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh [see also Could Christ Return Tonight?], shall he find faith on the earth?" (Luke 18:1-8 KJV)

The parable of the pharisee and the tax collector portrays The Two Kinds Of Pride. Righteousness is not defined according the unrighteousness of someone else because that would merely be self-righteousness. True righteousness isn't relative.

"18:9 And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: 18:10 Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisees, and the other a publican.

18:11 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. 18:12 I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.

18:13 And the publican [see Publicans], standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner.

18:14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted." (Luke 18:9-14 KJV)

Children have a natural humility. The Children Of God will have a supernatural humility.

"18:15 And they brought unto him also infants, that he would touch them: but when his disciples saw it, they rebuked them. 18:16 But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God. 18:17 Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child shall in no wise enter therein." (Luke 18:15-17 KJV)

The parable of the ruler again demonstrated that there are No Class Struggles In Christianity. Wealth or poverty makes neither righteousness or evil. All that matters is obedience to God (see Works Means Obedience).

"18:18 And a certain ruler asked him, saying, Good Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? [see also The Eternal Law]

18:19 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? none is good, save one, that is, God. 18:20 Thou knowest the commandments , Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother.

18:21 And he said, All these have I kept from my youth up.

18:22 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said unto him, Yet lackest thou one thing: sell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me.

18:23 And when he heard this, he was very sorrowful: for he was very rich. 18:24 And when Jesus saw that he was very sorrowful, he said, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God! 18:25 For it is easier for a camel to go through a needle's eye, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

18:26 And they that heard it said, Who then can be saved?

18:27 And he said, The things which are impossible with men are possible with God.

18:28 Then Peter said, Lo, we have left all, and followed thee.

18:29 And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or parents, or brethren, or wife, or children, for the kingdom of God's sake, 18:30 Who shall not receive manifold more in this present time, and in the world to come life everlasting." (Luke 18:18-30 KJV)

Every time Jesus predicted His death, He also spoke of His birth afterward. Christ's birth as a human baby in Bethlehem did not make Him the Saviour. By His own words, the only sign that made Him the Saviour would be His death and re-birth (which is also portrayed by Baptism) from the tomb (Matthew 12:38-40). Christ was the firstborn from the dead: "1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence" (Colossians 1:18 KJV).

"18:31 Then he took unto him the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. 18:32 For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on: 18:33 And they shall scourge him, and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again.

18:34 And they understood none of these things [see When Their Eyes Were Opened]: and this saying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken." (Luke 18:31-34 KJV)

Christ often healed physical blindness, but it moreover signified the healing from spiritual blindness that will come, sooner or later (again, see When Their Eyes Were Opened).

"18:35 And it came to pass, that as he was come nigh unto Jericho [see also Jesus In Jericho], a certain blind man sat by the way side begging: 18:36 And hearing the multitude pass by, he asked what it meant. 18:37 And they told him, that Jesus of Nazareth passeth by.

18:38 And he cried, saying, Jesus, thou son of David, have mercy on me.

18:39 And they which went before rebuked him, that he should hold his peace: but he cried so much the more, Thou son of David [see also Israelite Monarchy - The Origin and Israelite Monarchy - The Messiah], have mercy on me.

18:40 And Jesus stood, and commanded him to be brought unto him: and when he was come near, he asked him, 18:41 Saying, What wilt thou that I shall do unto thee?

And he said, Lord, that I may receive my sight.

18:42 And Jesus said unto him, Receive thy sight: thy faith hath saved thee. 18:43 And immediately he received his sight, and followed him, glorifying God: and all the people, when they saw it, gave praise unto God." (Luke 18:35-43 KJV)

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