Romans Chapter 1
Romans is one of the apostle Paul's (see Paul's Ministry) most extensive letters (i.e. epistles; see the Fact Finder question below) to the churches ("churches" only in the sense of members of the one and only true Church of God who were located in many places). Being a letter, that had to be delivered, it was written elsewhere, most likely Corinth. It was apparently delivered to the Church at Rome by Phoebe, a prominent woman of the Church: "16:1 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea: 16:2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also" (Romans 16:1-2 KJV).
Although Paul may well have been responsible for many of the converts there, by means of The Spirit Of God (which is the only way that anyone is converted - see The Cure For The Carnal Mind; also A Brainwashed World), many were already converted to Christianity before Paul was On The Road To Damascus i.e. there were people of Rome present on the "birthday of the Church" Pentecost immediately after Christ's resurrection [see Christ's Pentecost; listen also to the Sermons Christ's Pentecost and Pentecost, A Day Of Reckoning from our Sermons page], at the time when Paul was still persecuting Christians: "2:8 And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born? 2:9 Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, 2:10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes, 2:11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God" (Acts 2:8-11 KJV).
"1:1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ [see Christianos to realize the original meaning of "Christian"], called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God [see The Gospel of The Kingdom of God], 1:2 Which he had promised afore by his Prophets in the holy scriptures, 1:3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David [see Root and Branch; also Israelite Monarchy - The Messiah] according to the flesh [see Jesus, The Man]; 1:4 And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead [see Resurrections and The Quick and The Dead]: 1:5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith [see Faith and Works] among all nations, for his name: 1:6 Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ:
1:7 To all that be in Rome [see also Ancient Empires - Rome], beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ." (Romans 1:1-7 KJV)
Paul's desire to visit Rome was a desire to visit the Christians there, not the capital of a brutal, imperialistic empire that was prophesied as "2:40 the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all things (Daniel 2:40 KJV; see Nebuchadnezzar's Dream and Revelation 13).
"1:8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world. 1:9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son [see The Coming World Dictator and The Throne Of God, From Heaven To Earth], that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers; 1:10 Making request, if by any means now at length I might have a prosperous journey by the will of God to come unto you.
1:11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established; 1:12 That is, that I may be comforted together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me. 1:13 Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to come unto you, but was let hitherto, that I might have some fruit [see Good Fruit] among you also, even as among other Gentiles.
1:14 I am debtor both to the Greeks [see Ancient Empires - Greece], and to the Barbarians [see Heathens]; both to the wise, and to the unwise. 1:15 So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you that are at Rome also.
1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. 1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith [again, see Faith and Works]." (Romans 1:8-17 KJV)
God does not punish the innocent, only those who "who hold the truth in unrighteousness" (Romans 1:18 KJV; see When Will You Be Judged?).
"1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; 1:19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath showed it unto them. 1:20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world [see Christ The Creator] are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
1:21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 1:22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, 1:23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things [see How To Be A True Christian - Lesson 1 and How To Be A True Christian - Lesson 2].
1:24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: 1:25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie [see Satan's Language], and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.
1:26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections [see Sodomites]: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: 1:27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was meet.
1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a Reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient; 1:29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, 1:30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
1:31 Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful: 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them." (Romans 1:18-32 KJV)
Romans Chapter 2
God's righteous Judgment will come, all in due time (see When Will You Be Judged? and Why Does God Allow Evil?). Until then, it is not the place of any human to sit in God's Judgment of another human: "for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things."
"2:1 Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things. 2:2 But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things.
2:3 And thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them which do such things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God? 2:4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance? [see The Process Of Conversion]
2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God; 2:6 Who will render to every man according to his deeds [see A Reward For Everyone]: 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life: 2:8 But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath, 2:9 Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile; 2:10 But glory, honour, and peace, to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first, and also to the Gentile:
2:11 For there is no respect of persons with God.
2:12 For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law; 2:13 For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified [see Works Means Obedience]. 2:14 For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves: 2:15 Which show the work of the law written in their hearts, their Conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another; 2:16 In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel." (Romans 2:1-16 KJV)
The Messiah was a Jew, as were most of the first Christians. Paul was a Jew (see Paul's Ministry), as was Peter (see Peter's Ministry). Christianity was not a new religion, but rather a recognition, by some of the people of Judah, that the long-awaited Messiah had come (e.g. see The Messianic Psalms and First And Second Comings In Isaiah). However, although the Savior came from the Jews, He was a Messiah of all people; that's what true Zionism is all about.
"2:17 Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God,
2:18 And knowest his will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law; 2:19 And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness, 2:20 An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law. 2:21 Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal? 2:22 Thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege? 2:23 Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou God? [see Hypocrites] 2:24 For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.
2:25 For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision. 2:26 Therefore if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision? 2:27 And shall not uncircumcision which is by nature, if it fulfil the law, judge thee, who by the letter and circumcision dost transgress the law? [see Did Jesus Break The Law?]
2:28 For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: 2:29 But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit [see A Pure Heart], and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God." (Romans 2:17-29 KJV)
Romans Chapter 3
The people of Judah were "the chosen" people for two reasons (keeping in mind that while all Jews are Israelites, not all Israelites are Jews - see When Israel Became 'Israel' and 'Judah' and Israelite Dynasties], which had nothing to do with them being in any way anything more than ordinary people, like any other. First, the Messiah, of all nations (see Zionism), would come from them, and second, the people of Judah were given to preserve the Scriptures, the Oracles of God.
"3:1 What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision?
3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.
3:3 For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect? 3:4 God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.
3:5 But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? I speak as a man 3:6 God forbid: for then how shall God judge the world? [see When Will You Be Judged?] 3:7 For if the truth of God hath more abounded through my lie unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner? 3:8 And not rather, as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say, Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnation is just." (Romans 3:1-8 KJV)
All humans are sinners; it's even a sin to deny being a sinner: "1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. 1:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 1:10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us" (1 John 1:8-10 KJV).
"3:9 What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; 3:10 As it is written,
There is none righteous, no, not one: 3:11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. 3:12 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. 3:13 Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips: 3:14 Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: 3:15 Their feet are swift to shed blood: 3:16 Destruction and misery are in their ways: 3:17 And the way of peace have they not known: 3:18 There is no fear of God before their eyes.
3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin." (Romans 3:9-20 KJV)
Righteousness comes through faith - which means being faithful to God by obeying Him (see Faith and Works).
"3:21 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets [see Jot and Tittle]; 3:22 Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; 3:24 Being justified freely by his grace [which does not mean free of obeying the Law of God - see Grace Into Licentiousness and Did Jesus Break The Law?] through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: 3:25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood [see Why Blood?], to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
3:26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
3:27 Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. 3:28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law [see James 2:17 to understand that faith means obedience to God's Law]. 3:29 Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: 3:30 Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith. 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law." (Romans 3:21-31 KJV)
Romans Chapter 4
Abraham was justified by his faith in obeying God: "2:21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar? [see Isaac's Faith And Obedience] 2:22 Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect? 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God. 2:24 Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only" (James 2:21-24 KJV).
"4:1 What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?
4:2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.
4:3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness [see Works Means Obedience].
4:4 Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. 4:5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. 4:6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,
4:7 Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.
4:8 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.
4:9 Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. 4:10 How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.
4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: 4:12 And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.
4:13 For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 4:14 For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect: 4:15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.
4:16 Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all, 4:17 As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations [see Abraham Wasn't A Jew], before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were.
4:18 Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be. 4:19 And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sarah's womb [see Abram and Sarai]: 4:20 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; 4:21 And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform. 4:22 And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. 4:23 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him; 4:24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead; 4:25 Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification." (Romans 4:1-25 KJV)
Romans Chapter 5
"5:3 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience; 5:4 And patience, experience; and experience, hope" explains how the Trials and Tribulations of this life, no matter how hard, can have a good purpose (see No Pain, No Gain; also Why Does God Allow Evil?).
"5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
5:2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. 5:3 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience; 5:4 And patience, experience; and experience, hope:
5:5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by The Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
5:6 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. 5:7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die. 5:8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
5:9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood [see Why Blood?], we shall be saved from wrath through him. 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. 5:11 And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement." (Romans 5:1-11 KJV)
While death came through one man, Adam, so too life will come through through Christ (see The Adam Family).
"5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death [see What Happens When You Die?; also Death's Obituary] passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: 5:13 For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.
5:15 But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. 5:16 And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.
5:17 For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.
5:18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. 5:19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: 5:21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord." (Romans 5:12-21 KJV)
Fact Finder: How many epistles are there in the New Testament? Who wrote most of them?