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Romans 9-11

Supplemental notes for the Daily Bible Study Bible Reading Plan

by Wayne Blank

Romans Chapter 9

As the Creator and ruler of everything and everyone in the universe, God (see also The Holy Father), through His Son, by and through Whom the Creation was done (see Christ The Creator, which was a preparation for The Throne Of God, From Heaven To Earth) holds the sovereign right to appoint or employ anyone, for any purpose, according to His Absolute Will. Israel, moreover a specific line of Israel, Judah (see Israelite Dynasties and Israelite Monarchy - The Messiah), was "chosen" to fulfill a physical purpose until the time comes when all of humanity will be brought into the Promised Land - that is the ultimate meaning of Zionism i.e.

"4:1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it. 4:2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. 4:3 And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more" (Micah 4:1-3 KJV).

Until then, "9:14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid. 9:15 For he saith to Moses [see also Why Did Christ Put Moses To Death?], I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have Compassion on whom I will have compassion." (Romans 9:15 KJV).


"9:1 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my Conscience also bearing me witness in The Holy Ghost, 9:2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. 9:3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen [see Was Paul A Jew or a Benjamite?] according to the flesh: 9:4 Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption [see Adoption to understand the physical and spiritual meanings of that in the Bible], and the glory, and the covenants [see Covenant and Testament], and the giving of the law [see Did Jesus Break The Law?], and the service of God, and the promises; 9:5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

9:6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel [see Physical and Spiritual Israel]: 9:7 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac [see Isaac's Faith And Obedience] shall thy seed be called. 9:8 That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the Children Of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. 9:9 For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sarah shall have a son.

9:10 And not only this; but when Rebekah also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; 9:11 For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth; 9:12 It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. 9:13 As it is written, Jacob [see Where Jacob's Pillow Became Jacob's Pillar and Children of Jacob] have I loved, but Esau have I hated [see .

9:14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid. 9:15 For he saith to Moses [see also The Education Of Moses], I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

9:16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that showeth mercy. 9:17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh [see Who Was The Exodus Pharaoh?], Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might show my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth. 9:18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.

9:19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will? 9:20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus? 9:21 Hath not the potter power over the Clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?

9:22 What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the Vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: 9:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy [see also Christ's Mercy Seat], which he had afore prepared unto glory, 9:24 Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?" (Romans 9:1-24 KJV)

The coming of the Messiah was no surprise (e.g. see The Messianic Psalms and First And Second Comings In Isaiah), nor was it not foreknown that some of the people of Judah would not know Him (but all will later - see Dry Bones).

"9:25 As he saith also in Osee [i.e. Hosea], I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. 9:26 And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God.

9:27 Esaias [i.e. Isaiah] also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved: 9:28 For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth.

9:29 And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth [Sabaoth" is not referring to the Sabbath; see the Fact Finder question below] had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma [see Sodomites], and been made like unto Gomorrha." (Romans 9:25-29 KJV)

Salvation is open to anyone and everyone who truly obeys the Word of God (see Works Means Obedience).

"9:30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. 9:31 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. 9:32 Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone; 9:33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion [see Who, What or Where Is Zion?] a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed." (Romans 9:30-33 KJV)

Romans Chapter 10

"10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth" (Romans 10:4 KJV) does not mean that Christ did away with God's Law - the sinless Savior never disobeyed God's true Law ("3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law" 1 John 3:4 KJV; see Did Jesus Break The Law?). What Christ did away with was the death penalty for sin - the only condition to that free gift is repentance and obedience to God. Christ did not die for sinners; Christ died for repentant sinners. Unrepentant sinners are going to be cast into the lake of fire.

The Ten Commandments

"10:1 Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. 10:2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness [see I Did It My Way], have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God. 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.

10:5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them. 10:6 But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? that is, to bring Christ down from above: 10:7 Or, Who shall descend into the deep? that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead. 10:8 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach; 10:9 That if thou shalt Confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart [see A Pure Heart] that God hath raised him from the dead [listen to the Sermon Christ's Passover: The Death And Birth Of The Saviour from our Sermons page], thou shalt be saved [see When Will You Be Judged? and Could Christ Return Tonight?]. 10:10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 10:11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. 10:12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. 10:13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved." (Romans 10:1-13 KJV)

Preachers of God's Word can Bind and Loose only in the sense that they provide people with the knowledge to make an aware decision, from which The Lord will Judge them. To reject or oppose a teacher of the Truth is to reject and oppose the God that the teacher serves.

Holy Bible

"10:14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher? [see Preachers] 10:15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace [see Christ the Conqueror For Peace], and bring glad tidings of good things!

10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel [see The Gospel of The Kingdom of God]. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report? 10:17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. 10:18 But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.

10:19 But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you [see Why Is The Lord Jealous?; listen also to the Sermon The Divorce and Remarriage of Jesus Christ from our Sermons page].

10:20 But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me. 10:21 But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people." (Romans 10:14-21 KJV)

Romans Chapter 11

Paul (see Paul's Ministry) taught Christianity from the "Old" Testament because it was always about Christianity (see Christ The Creator and Which Bible Did Jesus Use?). Christ was The 'God Of The Old Testament': "10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 10:3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ." (1 Corinthians 10:1-4 KJV).

That Rock Was Christ

"11:1 I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin [see Was Paul A Jew or a Benjamite?]. 11:2 God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying, 11:3 Lord, they have killed thy Prophets, and digged down thine altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life. 11:4 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to the image of Baal. 11:5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. 11:6 And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work [grace does not mean lawlessness; see Grace Into Licentiousness].

11:7 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded 11:8 According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear; unto this day [see The Cure For The Carnal Mind].

11:9 And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompense unto them: 11:10 Let their eyes be darkened that they may not see, and bow down their back alway." (Romans 11:1-10 KJV)

Grafting is a very accurate analogy about Salvation. Pruning "dead wood" from any unproductive natural branches is also an important warning, "11:22 Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off" Romans 11:22 KJV).

Olive Branch

"11:11 I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy. 11:12 Now if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness?

11:13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am The Apostle To The Gentiles, I magnify mine office: 11:14 If by any means I may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh, and might save some of them. 11:15 For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead? [see The Quick and The Dead] 11:16 For if the firstfruit [see Christ's Pentecost; listen also to the Sermon Christ's Pentecost from our Sermons page] be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

11:17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert grafted in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree; 11:18 Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee. 11:19 Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be grafted in. 11:20 Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded [see High Places of The Mind], but fear: 11:21 For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee.

11:22 Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off. 11:23 And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be grafted in: for God is able to graft them in again. 11:24 For if thou wert cut out of The Olive Tree which is wild by nature, and wert grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?" (Romans 11:11-24 KJV)

There are different times of Resurrections because Salvation is being done in stages (see When Will You Be Judged?). But by the end (see The End Of The World?), everyone will have a clear chance to Choose Life.

"11:25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this Mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. 11:26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer [see The Coming World Dictator], and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: 11:27 For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.

11:28 As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election [see The Elect], they are beloved for the fathers' sakes. 11:29 For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance. 11:30 For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief: 11:31 Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy. 11:32 For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all." 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! 11:34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor? 11:35 Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again? 11:36 For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen." (Romans 11:25-36 KJV)

Fact Finder: "Sabaoth" in the Scriptures is not referring to the Sabbath. What does "Sabaoth" mean?
See The Lord of Sabaoth

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