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After all of the years in the portable Tabernacle In The Wilderness (see also What Happened To The Tabernacle?), The Ark Of The Covenant had arrived home in Israel, but not entirely home to Jerusalem. King David (see also The United Kingdom) recognized that The Ark belonged in Jerusalem and had it moved. Unfortunately, for themselves, the people moving The Ark were not fully obedient to The Lord's instructions in how, and by whom, it was to be handled.
"And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzza: wherefore that place is called Perezuzza to this day"
The large procession began joyously.
"13:1 And David consulted with the captains of thousands and hundreds, and with every leader. 13:2 And David said unto all the congregation of Israel, If it seem good unto you, and that it be of the LORD our God, let us send abroad unto our brethren every where, that are left in all the land of Israel, and with them also to the priests and Levites which are in their cities and suburbs, that they may gather themselves unto us: 13:3 And let us bring again the ark of our God to us: for we inquired not at it in the days of Saul. 13:4 And all the congregation said that they would do so: for the thing was right in the eyes of all the people.
Regardless of good intentions, The Ark was not to be touched by anyone other than specific, authorized Levites (see the Fact Finder question below). When Uzza (also rendered Uzzah), one of the drivers of the cart, touched it, he was put to death by The Lord (see also Why Did Christ Put Moses To Death?). David thereafter named the place "Perezuzza," (also rendered Perez Uzzah) meaning outbreak against Uzza.
"13:9 And when they came unto the threshingfloor of Chidon, Uzza put forth his hand to hold the ark; for the oxen stumbled. 13:10 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzza, and he smote him, because he put his hand to the ark: and there he died before God.
The incident caused David to change his plans about bringing The Ark into his palace - a wise decision that made him realize the need to build a Temple for The Ark.
"13:12 And David was afraid of God that day, saying, How shall I bring the ark of God home to me? 13:13 So David brought not the ark home to himself to The City of David, but carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite. 13:14 And the ark of God remained with the family of Obededom in his house three months. And the LORD blessed the house of Obededom, and all that he had." (1 Chronicles 13:12-14 KJV)
Fact Finder: What does the incident with Uzaah tell us about where The Ark is today?