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The Battle Of Gilboa
Gilboa, from the Hebrew pronounced geel-boh-awh, meaning bubbling spring, was the name given to a low mountain range in central Israel. The valley of Esdraelon (see Armageddon) and Jezreel are nearby. Mount Gilboa is perhaps best-known in Bible History as the place where King Saul (see Israelite Monarchy - The Origin) died in battle against the Philistines.
"And the battle went sore against Saul"
The Philistines had been a formidable enemy to Israel for centuries (the term "Palestine" originated from "Philistine" - see The Truth About Israel and the Palestinians). In the time of Saul, they were still powerful.
"31:1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. 31:2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons. 31:3 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the Archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers." (1 Samuel 31:1-3 KJV)
Saul's death was not at the hand of the Philistines, although it would have been. Saul chose to not give them the honor of killing a king; it did not however prevent them from dishonorably desecrating his dead body.
"31:4 Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me.
The "captured" beheaded-after-death body of Saul was recovered, by some courageous people of Jabeshgilead, from Bethshan where the Philistines had hung it on the wall for public display.
"31:11 And when the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead heard of that which the Philistines had done to Saul; 31:12 All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there. 31:13 And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days." (1 Samuel 31:11-13 KJV)
Fact Finder: Saul and his son Jonathan were, at least partially, cremated i.e. "the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there." Will cremation (by any means, including through accidents and war) have any effect upon anyone's future resurrection?