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Jethro was an esteemed man (variously rendered as a "priest" or "prince") of Midian with whom Moses spent the forty years between the time that Moses fled Egypt (Exodus 2:15) and the time that he returned for the Exodus (Exodus 5:1). Jethro also became Moses' father-in-law when Moses married Jethro's daughter Zipporah, who became the mother of Moses' sons Gershom and Eliezer.
"Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee"
After the Exodus, and just prior to their arrival at Mount Sinai where the LORD (see the Fact Finder question below to understand Who that really was) again delivered the Ten Commandments to His people (see The Ten Commandments Before Sinai?), Jethro met with Moses and gave him some very good advice in matters of government. Moses had spent forty years tending Jethro's sheep out in the desert (see The Education Of Moses); Moses would thereafter spend the next forty years tending the LORD's sheep out in that same desert.
"18:1 When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt; 18:2 Then Jethro, Moses' father in law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had sent her back, 18:3 And her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien in a strange land: 18:4 And the name of the other was Eliezer; for the God of my father, said he, was mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh: 18:5 And Jethro, Moses' father in law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God [see also Why Did Paul Say That Sinai Was In Arabia?]:
"Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee" was an obvious statement that Jethro was giving Moses advice that was based upon obedience to the LORD.
"18:13 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening. 18:14 And when Moses' father in law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this thing that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand by thee from morning unto Even?
Fact Finder: Who was "the LORD, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh" and Who delivered The Ten Commandments?