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The Thundering Mountain

The Wilderness of Sin, also sometimes translated as the Desert of Sin, was an area that the Israelites entered just after the Exodus:

"16:1 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt" (Exodus 16:1 KJV).

The sin in Wilderness of Sin is merely a transliteration of the Hebrew word pronounced seen which means thorn. Sinai, in Hebrew pronounced see-nah-ee (notice how different the English "Sinai" is pronounced in the actual Hebrew) is an expanded form of that word i.e. Sinai means thorny. The "sin" in Wilderness of Sin is not related or referring to the English word sin which means transgression against God. The Hebrew word for guilt, translated into English as sin (which originated from an old Anglo-Saxon word, not Hebrew), is pronounced kawt-taw-aw, which sounds nothing like "sin" in English.

"Mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly"

Mount Sinai takes its name from the Sinai Peninsula where it is located (see the Fact Finder question below). It was there that the LORD God delivered His Christian Commandments to His people i.e. "10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 10:3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ" (1 Corinthians 10:1-4 KJV; see also The 'God Of The Old Testament').

Mount Sinai

"19:1 In the third month, when the children of Israel [see Children of Jacob and Physical and Spiritual Israel] were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. 19:2 For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount.

19:3 And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; 19:4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you On Eagles' Wings, and brought you unto myself. 19:5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: 19:6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.

19:7 And Moses [see The Education Of Moses and The Trysting Tent] came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him. 19:8 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD.

19:9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud [see also The Clouds of Heaven], that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.

19:10 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes, 19:11 And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai. 19:12 And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death: 19:13 There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned [see Stoning], or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount.

19:14 And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their clothes [see also Washed and Sanctified]. 19:15 And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at your wives.

19:16 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders [see Thunder] and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled. 19:17 And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. 19:18 And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. 19:19 And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.

19:20 And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses up to the top of the mount; and Moses went up. 19:21 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish. 19:22 And let the priests also [see Levites], which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.

19:23 And Moses said unto the LORD, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai: for thou chargedst us, saying, Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it. 19:24 And the LORD said unto him, Away, get thee down, and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron with thee: but let not the priests and the people break through to come up unto the LORD, lest he break forth upon them. 19:25 So Moses went down unto the people, and spake unto them." (Exodus 19:1-25 KJV)

Fact Finder: The apostle Paul (see Paul's Ministry) said "Mount Sinai in Arabia" (Galatians 4:24 KJV). Was Paul uninformed of modern-day political geography to say that Mount Sinai was in Saudi Arabia rather than in the Sinai Peninsula? Or are those who say that Mount Sinai was in the nation known today as Saudi Arabia uninformed of the ancient political geography of Paul's time that Paul was speaking of?
See Why Did Paul Say That Sinai Was In Arabia?


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