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The Holy Scriptures have recorded many incidents of Bible History in which an early event was symbolic of a later event, sometimes so with inverted circumstances from the original. Hagar, the Egyptian maid of Abraham and Sarah is one such example.
The birth of Sarah's son Isaac:
"21:1 And the LORD [see 'Before Abraham Was, I AM'] visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did unto Sarah as he had spoken. 21:2 For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him. 21:3 And Abraham called the name of his son that was born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac. 21:4 And Abraham circumcised [see Circumcision] his son Isaac being eight days old, as God had commanded him. 21:5 And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him. 21:6 And Sarah said, God hath made me to laugh, so that all that hear will laugh with me. 21:7 And she said, Who would have said unto Abraham, that Sarah should have given children suck? for I have born him a son in his old age. 21:8 And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned." (Genesis 21:1-8 KJV)
Hagar "answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children"
The strife between Sarah and Hagar was the result of their children. While under the impression that she could not have children of her own, Sarah arranged to have Hagar become a surrogate mother with Abraham - from which Hagar gave birth to Abraham's son Ishmael. Later however, Sarah became a mother herself with the birth of Abraham's son Isaac. After that, Sarah had Hagar and her son sent away.
"21:9 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking. 21:10 Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.
From the perspective of Israelite history, Sarah was the free woman, while Hagar was in bondage. But consider what the apostle Paul says about "Jerusalem" (i.e. the as-yet unconverted people of Judah) today - they are Hagar/Agar: "For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children" (Galatians 4:25 KJV). Why? Because they have taken the Law of God, which was given to man to set man free from human nature (but not from God's Law itself - see Grace Into Licentiousness) and made it into a burden. The Messiah himself, who they accused of being a "sinner" (see Did Jesus Break The Law?) plainly stated it:
"23:1 Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples, 23:2 Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat: 23:3 All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not. 23:4 For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.
The apostle Paul (see Paul's Ministry) plainly made the connection between Hagar / Agar and the as-yet unconverted people of Judah today (the significance of "childless" Sarah later having a child of her own after Hagar, the woman in bondage, had a child for her is at least partly symbolic of the coming conversion of the people of Judah as a whole - see Why Can't 'The Chosen People' See?):
"4:22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. 4:23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.
Fact Finder: Paul's statement "mount Sinai in Arabia" has caused some to incorrectly believe that Mount Sinai was in (Saudi) Arabia rather than the Sinai Peninisula. Why did Paul say what he did?