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Jacob's Homeward Journey
As he neared the end of his long and prosperous life (see Blessing The Favorites, Jacob's Ringstreaked, Speckled And Spotted and Jacob's Family), the last seventeen of which were spent in Egypt (see Israel's Departure From Israel and The Goshen Refugees), Jacob, who the LORD renamed as "Israel" (see The Origin Of 'Israel'), made arrangements for his own funeral.
"47:28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years: so the whole age of Jacob was an hundred forty and seven years. 47:29 And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt: 47:30 But I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace. And he said, I will do as thou hast said. 47:31 And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head." (Genesis 47:28-31 KJV)
"For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah"
As his death approached, Jacob increased the number of his sons by two (see Why Did Jacob Adopt Ephraim And Manasseh?).
"48:1 And it came to pass after these things, that one told Joseph, Behold, thy father is sick: and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. 48:2 And one told Jacob, and said, Behold, thy son Joseph cometh unto thee: and Israel strengthened himself, and sat upon the bed. 48:3 And Jacob said unto Joseph, God Almighty appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, 48:4 And said unto me, Behold, I will make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee a multitude of people; and will give this land to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession.
After blessing his other sons, as he was about to die, Jacob instructed Joseph to bury him in the family tomb at Hebron (see The Tombs Of Hebron). Note that Jacob outlived both of his wives Rachel and Leah ("there I buried Leah," verse 31 below).
"49:28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: and this is it that their father spake unto them, and blessed them; every one according to his blessing he blessed them.
Joseph then made arrangements with the Pharaoh to give Jacob an official state funeral. Although his family (including Joseph - see the Fact Finder question below) would remain in Egypt for the next four centuries before the Exodus, Jacob began his homeward journey (that will be completed at the time of his resurrection on the day of Christ's return - see When Will You Be Judged?) then.
"50:1 And Joseph fell upon his father's face, and wept upon him, and kissed him. 50:2 And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father: and the physicians embalmed Israel. 50:3 And forty days were fulfilled for him; for so are fulfilled the days of those which are embalmed: and the Egyptians mourned for him threescore and ten days.
Fact Finder: Centuries after he died, did Joseph take part in the Exodus of the Israelites out of Egypt?