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The Birth Of Moses
Amram (in Hebrew pronounced aw-rawm, meaning exalted people) and his wife Jochebed (in Hebrew pronounced yoe-keh-bed, meaning the LORD is glory) were descendants of Israel's son Levi, through the line of Kohath (keep in mind that the Levites were not yet specifically assigned to the priestly service of the LORD - that would issue forth, after the Exodus, when the high priesthood was established with Moses' older brother Aaron; see Levites and also the Fact Finder question below to understand why the Israelite high priesthood was established):
"6:16 And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari: and the years of the life of Levi were an hundred thirty and seven years.
Amram and Jochebed had three children at the time that the Pharaoh ordered a genocide upon male Israelite infants (see The Goshen Genocide). The king's murderous edict did not affect their firstborn, Miriam (the mother of Jesus Christ was also named Miriam; "Mary" is a Latin version of her actual Hebrew name), because she was both female and not an infant (Miriam was an early-teenager at the time of Moses' birth) or their second-born, Aaron, who, although male, was then three years old - beyond the specific order to kill male infants (by not by much). But their third child, Moses, was born at the very time that the male infanticide was happening. Moses was born with a death sentence upon him.
"And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water"
Moses' parents knew that they probably couldn't conceal their newborn infant (and even if they did, he may still have been killed later if, based upon his age, the authorities determined that he was born anytime after the king's order), so they tried something that, on the surface (no pun intended), seems like a reckless act. Moses' parents were casting their infant into the river, but inside a little waterproof ark.
"2:1 And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi. 2:2 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months.
Whether Moses' mother timed it so (or whether the LORD did), Moses' ark was not only found by the Pharaoh's daughter, she decided to save the child's life.
"2:5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river's side; and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it.
Moses' sister Miriam, who had been following the basket (her mother did tell her to shepherd the ark - if it had started to sink, Miriam would hardly have left Moses to drown), then offered to find a Hebrew woman to nurse the infant. The Pharaoh's daughter agreed; Miriam went and got her mother - and Moses' mother.
"2:7 Then said his sister to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee?
When Moses grew beyond infancy, he was taken to the Pharaoh's palace where his education would begin (see The Education Of Moses).
"2:10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son.
Fact Finder: Why was the Levite high priesthood established? Who did it prophetically portray?