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The Flaming Bush Of Sinai
Although Moses had reached safety in the Sinai (see Palace Prince To Sinai Shepherd), the plight of his fellow Hebrews back in Egypt grew much worse.
"2:23 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel [see The Israelite Egyptians] sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage. 2:24 And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham [see The Exodus Prophecy], with Isaac, and with Jacob. 2:25 And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God had respect unto them." (Exodus 2:23-25 KJV)
"When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain"
While tending his flocks in the far south of the Sinai Peninsula, near Mount Sinai (also known as Mount Horeb - Horeb is the name for the entire range of which Mount Sinai is a member; see also Why Did Paul Say That Sinai Was In Arabia?), Moses encountered a miraculous sign, "the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush."
"3:1 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. 3:2 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. 3:3 And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt." (Exodus 3:1-3 KJV)
Moses then had his first direct encounter with the LORD (the first of many to come - see the Fact Finder question below).
"3:4 And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses.
The LORD (see 'The God Of The Old Testament' and 'Before Abraham Was, I AM') then announced to Moses that He would deliver the people of Israel (see The Origin Of 'Israel') out of Egypt, back to their own designated homeland.
"3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows; 3:8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. 3:9 Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. 3:10 Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt." (Exodus 3:7-10 KJV)
Fact Finder: Did Moses know the LORD "face to face"?